The US key interest rate rose again by 0.75 per cent. It is the fourth time the Federal Reserve has raised interest rates with such a big move. But in a written explanation, the US central bank’s umbrella appears to be hinting that the end of rate hikes is imminent.
In a press release on the interest rate decision, the Fed said that the rate hike will continue until it has enough effect to bring inflation down to the required 2 percent. But in determining the size of its future moves, the Fed is looking closely at past interest rate increases and the delayed impact of those moves on inflation and the economy.
After the announcement, New York stock markets rose and yields on US government bonds fell. This makes investors optimistic about less sharp increases in interest rates. Financial markets are also looking forward to Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell’s statement.
Fed policy makers hope to counteract sharp rate increases by raising interest rates. In September, core inflation, important to central bankers, and which led to sharply volatile energy and food prices, rose compared to August.
Borrowing is more expensive
The Fed has now raised the interest rates banks charge each other for very short-term loans to a range of 3.75 to 4 per cent. These higher interest rates increase the cost of borrowing money for businesses and households, which ultimately means less money flows into the economy. In theory, this should slow inflation.
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