Space is now a geostrategic issue and its use will increase sharply in the coming years due to acceleration of investments. Space activities will not be limited to low geostationary orbits. Tomorrow’s new apps will take us to the Moon and Mars. To get to all of these new destinations and markets, ESA is already thinking about this future ecosystem and teleportation systems to get to all of these places. Rudiger Albat, Ariane 5 Program Director, is committed to preparing for the future of teleportation.
In theWe are already thinking about Ariane 6, Vega-C and teleport solutions that could be implemented in 2030-2050! An unprecedented view offered by the Agency.” Don’t do it alone Rüdiger Albat, head of the program, explains N employment We are determined to prepare for the future of teleportation.
As part of its new initiative on European space transport solutions needed for the next decade (New European teleportation solutions, NESTS), and to prepare its proposals for the next Ministerial Conference, the European Space Agency wished ” The opinion of European industrialists on this topic in the space sector, both of course our historical partners but also all start-ups and companies inEspecially those who make mini launchers ».
Thus, NESTS is not a program aimed at building a future launch vehicle, but rather a proposal of elements for ” A roadmap and framework for a short-term presentation of these teleportation solutions, in preparation for the next ministerial-level council meeting, scheduled for November 2022 “This exercise of foresight is not only foolproof.” Think about the architecture of these future launchers He also has to introduce himself. NSpace and space operations expected in 2030-2050 “for different loads like” from NTelecommunications, observation, navigation, science, exploration, shipping and freight, as well as manned spaceflight ».
The expected boom in the development of the space economy
By that time, the expected new uses of space will require strong launch speeds to achieveBass that can act as a coil Switch to higher orbits, around and around the Moon, to and around Mars and why not move more to Mars? to exploit their resources.
The teleportation systems in use today will not be able to meet these future needs. for this reason” Necessary for Redefining “Especially because two types of flights are being investigated,” as a greeting Directly to the destination, or by first delivery in an intermediate lane followed by a transfer to the final destination So the goal of NESTS is to: Get a fairly accurate picture of long-term trends and potential developments across the boardKeep in mind the needs of future programs when preparing “NESTS will also review release rates for all selected destinations.” To estimate and improve a range of teleportation solutions For this purpose, the European Space Agency selected three consortia to answer the following questions:
- What are the needs of teleportation by 2030?
- For what services?
- What are the transportation solutions to meet these future needs?
These three associations are:
- European team around ArianeGroup, ThalesAlenia Space, Airbus, D-Orbit, Telespazio and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne;
- Italian team around Avio, linked to AlixPartners and Bocconi School of Management;
- German team with RFA (Rocket Factory Augsburg), OHB and Institute of Aviation Systems in .
In response, ESA wants a full text” Imagine yourself as a travel agency, with vehicles serving multiple markets and destinations within an ecosystem, starting from low Earth orbit and extending across the Moon to Mars. But, Rudiger Albat asserts, We also recognize that scenarios, no matter how well-constructed, are never accurate, precise and stable, so they will be strong assumptions but subject to more or less obvious changes. ».
In a sense, space gradually became the eighth continent
There are two uncertainties in this exploration. In fact ” It is difficult to predict the future development of markets such as those related to human spaceflight,and keep in touch “…to understand this uncertainty, we need to be aware of the origin of the spatial data and” Access New competitors are driving the emergence of new services and business opportunities. It is difficult to predict the nature and scope of these services certainly “.
European manned flights under discussion
The second sign is fairly common. Which means ” We need to ask where Europe wants to go in terms of human spaceflight “.or we’ll be left behind,” Simple user of services outside Europe whether we decide Plays a leading role and contributes to the development of the manned space program “.at this time,” There is no clear political position “. A discussion in this direction could begin on November 19 in the Intermediate Council of Ministers.” It costs less than 10 billion euros to get itIt can be achieved in less than eight years.
In the field of launchers, the European Space Agency is already preparing for that future with ” Technological building block acquisition programs, particularly in reuse, liquid and electric propulsion, and the greening of a number of technologies It is not surprising that future grenade launchers in Europe will be reusable and liquid-poweredand methane. pay off It is clear that Avio’s specialty will not be abandoned and will find its place in the future strategy of European launch platforms, especially to provide immediate strength for exploration.
To prepare for this future, the European Space Agency must also question its role. ” Does the design firm still fund projects by paying off state money, or become a “slacker” by developing and acquiring technologies that no firm can fund, or a partner client to provide illustrative services? “Europe can also take advantage of NESTS to reconnect with it.” A little boldness with the development of very green and reusable launchers to stay ahead of the US and China, for example ».
And if NESTS’ hidden gamble will not revolutionize teleportation again, the way Europe has done so well, a standard in the commercial satellite markets launched in Geostation.
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