More than 55,000 people benefit from the program annually, allowing winners to apply for visas from countries with low levels of immigration to the United States.
Beginning this year, President Joe Biden has lifted restrictions put in place by former President Donald Trump. In 2017, Trump took a series of measures to prevent people from Muslim-majority countries from coming to the United States. The order that finally came into effect – Presidential Proclamation No. 9645 – imposed varying levels of restrictions on foreigners from eight countries: Chad, Iran, Libya, North Korea, Syria, Venezuela, Somalia, and Yemen.
According to State Department data, tens of thousands of immigrant visa applicants – including diversity visa applicants – were denied visas under Trump’s policies in fiscal years 2017, 2018, and 2019.
Visa lottery applicants can check the status of their applications on the Consular Affairs website.
What is that?
The Diversity Immigrant Visa Program awards up to 55,000 individuals annually with Green Card visas, which grant permanent residency in the United States and are a pathway to citizenship.
Immigration opponents complain that the program brings people to the United States to compete for jobs, and even immigration advocates realize that the program does not tailor applicants to needs in the United States.
Visas are granted by random selection in selected countries to those eligible to promote immigration from countries with a low immigration level to the United States.
How it works?
Individuals in countries identified by the equivalent with a sufficiently low level of immigration to the United States can apply for a visa at certain times of the year. Most of the lottery recipients reside outside the United States, but few are legal in the United States with other visas.
According to the formula it defined, the WetLands that have immigrated more than 50,000 citizens to the United States in the past five years are ineligible.
Visas are also distributed to regions: Africa, Asia, Europe, North America (excluding Mexico), Oceania, South America, Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean. The program is administered by the Department of State.
Although individuals are selected to obtain visas at random, they still have to meet the security and eligibility requirements that all immigrants must clarify in order to actually obtain the visa.
Specifically, the recipient of diversity must have at least a secondary education or equivalent training and at least two years’ work experience in a job requiring at least two years of training or experience within five years of the application date. It must also be acceptable to the United States – categories of inadmissibility for the United States generally include links to terrorism.
The process also includes a face-to-face interview.
“For immigration, selected DV candidates must be accepted into the United States,” State Department Information Sheet for Developed Countries. DS-260, Online Application for Immigrant Visa and Foreigner Registration, electronically, and the consular officer will personally ask you questions about your eligibility to immigrate under United States law. These questions include issues related to security and crime. “
How it started
The program was created in a bill passed in 1990 known as the Immigration Act. Senate Leader Chuck Schumer – who was at the time a Congressman for New York – was one of 31 co-sponsors of the US House of Representatives. The issuance of the account is led by the attorney at the time. Bruce Morrison, Democrat, Connecticut.
Schumer is credited with the concept of granting visas to countries with low entry rates to the United States, which he developed in another account sponsored and included in the broader law.
Morrison also promoted the bill as a way to legalize Irish immigrants, according to a 1990 report in The New York Times and Analyze To Develop NumbersUSA Group’s Program, which calls for deep cuts in overall immigration.
The last bill was passed by Senate 89-8 and House of Representatives 264-118.