Wuhu, a third-tier city, is the second largest urban economy in Anhui Province (after the provincial capital Hefei).
Wuhu is centrally located about 150 km by car southeast of Hefei, 100 km south of Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu Province, and 350 km west of Shanghai, the city of regional status. Wuhu Prefecture has a population of 3.6 million. The city is located on the south bank of the Yangtze River and is the fifth largest river transport port.
It is known that Wuhu has been inhabited since at least 770 BC and became a city of strategic importance during the Three Kingdoms period (220-280 since the beginning of our era). In the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), Wuhu developed into an important trading port for rice, tea, and wheat until the beginning of the last century. The city, along with Wenzhou in Zheijiang Province, became a treaty port (a port with concessions to foreign powers, due to unfairly applied treaties) in 1876. The Roman Catholic St. Joseph’s Cathedral was built at that time by order of the French Jesuits.
One of China’s most famous poets, Li Bai (701-762), spent the latter part of his life in Wuhu, it is said, for its wonderful mountain scenery with ponds, lakes, and parks. During the Tang Dynasty (619-907), the famous calligrapher, poet, and politician Du Mu Yu (803-852) wrote a famous poem called “Thoughts About Staying in Wuhu Again”.
Wuhu is home to citizens belonging to over 47 ethnic minorities, the largest of which is the Hui Muslim minority. Other larger ethnic minorities include the Yi, Tujia, Miao, Chuang, and Manchu.
Wuhu (along with Anqing) is known for its Yanjiang cuisine, specializing in freshwater fish and poultry prepared using special slicing, serving, and coloring techniques. Yangjiang dishes often have sweet, smoky ingredients.
In recent decades, Wuhu has developed significantly as one of the major cities under the urban and commercial agglomeration development plan in the Yangtze River Delta, along with Nanjing and Hefei, among others. The new Wuhu Xuanzhou Airport was opened in April 2021, the 2-line Wuhu Rail Transit System, at the end of last year. The city can be reached by high-speed trains from Shanghai, Nanjing, Hefei and others.
Source: https://www.5iz-china.com/post/ever-heard-of-wuhu-city-%E8%8A%9C%E6%B9%96%E5%B8%82-in-anhui-province Immediately video: Wuhu railway system to open in November/December 2021 – IG travel2china
See also: https://www.chinadiscovery.com/anhui/wuhu.html
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