Today Google Doodle celebrates the 197th birthday of Mary Ann Chad Carey, a Canadian-American advocate of the abolition of the death penalty, who is known, among other accomplishments, as the first black newspaper editor in North America.
On this day in 1823, the woman we know today as Mary Ann Chadd Carey was born in Wilmington, Delaware. Her parents, Abraham D. Shad and Harriet Parnell, both free African Americans, were strongly in favor of the abolition of slavery, and also offered their home as a stop on the Underground Railroad.
The Shad family, looking for a future for themselves and their children, was forced to leave Delaware when state law was changed, making the education of black children illegal. From their new home in Pennsylvania, Mary Ann Shad attended Quaker Boarding School. On her return home from school, Mary Ann, still a teenager, used her education to establish a school for black children, the first of many she taught.
After the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 was passed, requiring any captured slaves to be returned to their masters, Mary Ann and the entire Shad family moved to Canada. From Canada, Mary Ann Schad started her career writing and publishing booklets on the abolition of the death penalty, which led to its founding Freemen CountyA weekly newspaper written for fugitive slaves to read. For this, she was recognized as the first black woman to work as a newspaper publisher and editor across North America.
During administration Freemen CountyShe met Mary Ann Shad and married Thomas Carey, although he tragically passed away a few years later. Shortly thereafter, Mary Ann Chad Carey and her children returned to the United States. Before the age of 60, she attended Howard University in Washington, DC and became the second black woman to earn a law degree in the United States.
Today’s Google doodles, contributed by artist Michelle Theodore, shows Mary Ann Chad Carey working hard Freemen County, With groups of newspapers used to spell out most of the word “Google”.
Elsewhere in the world today, visitors to the Google home page from South Korea will be treated to an animated banner celebrating Hangul Day, a holiday dedicated to the invention of the Korean alphabet Hangul in 1446.
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