There have been more than 312,000 confirmed cases of coronavirus in the UK and more than 43,000 people have died, government figures show.
However, these numbers only include people who have been tested, and the total number of deaths relating to coronavirus is likely to be higher.
The new coronavirus, which causes the disease Covid-19, was first confirmed in the UK at the end of January, but the number of daily confirmed cases and related deaths only began to increase significantly by the second half of March.
After lockdown restrictions came into force at the end of that month, numbers came to a peak mid-April, falling steadily since.
The number of deaths as a result of the virus can be measured in three ways. The government’s daily announcement counts deaths with a positive test result.
But the Office For National Statistics (ONS) also counts death certificates mentioning the virus. This measure suggests there had been more than 53,000 deaths by 12 June.
But, when looking at deaths over and above the expected number for this time of year – the third way of measuring – the coronavirus death toll rises to more than 65,000 by the same date.
Some of these deaths are likely to include people with undiagnosed coronavirus or those who died as an indirect result of the pandemic.
Coronavirus accounted for about 11% of all deaths in the UK in the week to 12 June, according to death registration data – a drop from 14% the previous week.
In the week to 17 April, when deaths from the virus reached their peak, this figure was just under 40%. How many confirmed cases are there in your area?
- Your tributes to those who have died
Find out how the pandemic has affected your area and how it compares with the national average:
Stall in daily deaths downward trend
Government-announced deaths from coronavirus peaked mid-April and have been steadily falling since, though the downward trend seems to have slowed in recent days.
But while the number of cases nationwide has been falling, there is still the risk of localised hotspots.
In Leicester, almost 30% of the city’s total number of coronavirus cases were reported in the two weeks to 23 June.
As a result, the government may advise the council to enforce a ‘local lockdown’, which would mean pubs and restaurants in the city staying closed for another two weeks beyond 4 July.
On Monday, the government announced a further 25 deaths – though, as the chart shows, the number of deaths announced on Sundays and Mondays, which represent deaths recorded over the weekend, are consistently lower than the average.
The UK has the highest official death toll in Europe and the third highest in the world, after the US and Brazil. However, the government and many experts say it is too soon to make international comparisons.
The majority of the UK’s deaths have been in England, with about 39,000 so far – about 90% of the total for the UK.
In Scotland, the official government figure for deaths remained 2,482 on Monday, with no new deaths for a fourth day in a row. Data on death registrations from the National Records of Scotland (NRS) suggests there had been 4,119 deaths by 21 June.
Both sets of figures show the number of new deaths related to coronavirus in Scotland has been declining for seven weeks.
Wales has recorded 1,507 deaths and Northern Ireland 551.
- Coronavirus in Scotland: Key figures and trends
- What do the stats tell us in Wales?
The most recent figures from the ONS show that the number of reported deaths in the UK for the week to 12 June fell slightly, but still remains 5% above the normal range for the time of year.
What is the R number in the UK?
The “R number” is the average number of people an infected person will pass the disease on to.
If R is below one, then the number of people contracting the disease will fall; if it is above one, the number will grow.
The Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies, known as Sage, believes the R number across the whole of the UK is currently between 0.7 and 0.9.
The government says England itself is also between 0.7 and 0.9, but slightly higher in the North West, where it’s between 0.7 and 1.0.
The estimate for Scotland is between 0.6 and 0.8. In Northern Ireland, it is between 0.6 and 0.9, while it is between 0.7 and 1.0 in Wales.
The government has said that the R number is one of the most important factors in deciding when lockdown measures can be eased.
- Is R number balanced on knife edge?
New cases continue slow decline
The number of newly confirmed cases each day has been falling since a peak in April.
The latest ONS estimates suggest that an average of 33,000 people had coronavirus in the community in England, between 31 May and 13 June, excluding cases in hospitals and care homes.
The UK’s coronavirus alert level was downgraded from four to three last week, after the country’s chief medical officers said there had been a steady decrease in cases in all four nations.
Cases were originally concentrated in London, the Midlands and the North West, but Wales and parts of Scotland and the North East of England have also seen a high proportions of cases.
Testing now available to more people
The UK exceeded its target to increase testing capacity to 200,000 a day by the end of May.
However, the UK Statistics Authority has criticised how the data has been presented, saying the aim appeared to be to show “the largest possible number of tests, even at the expense of understanding”.
Health Secretary Matt Hancock has said he would look at ways the information could be “improved”.
The government announced there were 93,881 tests processed or posted in the 24 hours to 09:00 on Monday. This figure does not represent the number of people tested, as some are tested more than once.
At least two million people have been tested for coronavirus in the UK – but the government has been unable to provide an updated figure for the total number of people tested since 22 May.
- Why we don’t know how many people are being tested
- Can I get tested?
Who is most at risk from coronavirus?
Most recorded coronavirus deaths have been among the elderly, with NHS England figures showing more than half of deaths have been among people aged over 80.
The disease appears to disproportionally affect men in their 50s and 60s, and the death rate for men outstrips women across all age ranges.
People with underlying health conditions are also at greater risk regardless of age.
Research by Public Health England (PHE) has also found that people from ethnic minorities have a much higher risk of dying from coronavirus than people of white British ethnicity. But it is still not clear why – the study did not take into account occupations or obesity, which are also known to be high risk factors.
Another study found that South Asian people were the most likely to die from coronavirus after being admitted to hospital. It is the only ethnic group to have a raised risk of death in hospital, which researchers believe is partly due to high levels of diabetes.
The most deprived parts of England and Wales have been hit twice as hard by coronavirus as wealthier areas, according to the ONS. Urban areas were worse affected than rural areas and London had significantly more deaths from coronavirus per 100,000 people than any other region, when standardised for age.
Most hospitals seeing fewer coronavirus patients
The number of people in hospital with Covid-19 has been gradually declining since a peak over Easter.
On Friday, the government said the number of people in hospital with coronavirus in Great Britain had fallen to 4,006 – down from 4,687 the same time last week.
However, the picture is different across the UK’s nations and regions, with numbers falling faster in some areas than others.
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