Thursday, September 26, 2013

Air France Flight AF447 Crash Investigation Report

Air France Flight AF447 Crash Investigation Report

History of Flight 

On Sunday 31 May 2009, the Airbus A330-203 registered F-GZCP operated by Air France was programmed to perform scheduled flight AF 447 between Rio de Janeiro Galeão and Paris Charles de Gaulle.

Snecma To Built Cryogenic Engines For Ariane 5 Launchers

On September 19, 2013, Snecma signed an agreement with Astrium for the production of the cryogenic propulsion systems (using liquid hydrogen and oxygen) for the 18 recently ordered Ariane 5 ECA launchers.
According to the terms of this contract, Astrium orders long-lead items from Snecma, along with startup of the corresponding production operations. The two companies plan to sign the complete production contract by the end of this year.
The contract provides for Snecma to deliver to Astrium 18 Vulcain®2 engines for the cryogenic main stage (EPC) and 13 HM7B cryogenic engines for the upper stage of Ariane 5 ECA launchers, and propulsion equipment for the two stages.
The agreement signed on September 19 extends the original production contract for the PB batch of launchers, signed by Astrium and Snecma in 2009, which concerned the production of engines and propulsion equipment for 35 Ariane 5 launchers.
"With this agreement, Snecma and its European partners can ensure production continuity for Ariane 5 engines beyond 2015," said David Quancard, head of the Space Engines division at Snecma (Safran).
Snecma, the prime contractor for cryogenic propulsion systems on Ariane launchers, is the European leader in this market and number 2 worldwide.
The Vulcain® 2 cryogenic rocket engine, developing thrust of about 300,000 pounds (1,340 kN), powers the cryogenic main stage of the Ariane 5 ECA launcher. Derived from the original Vulcain® main-stage engine, it was qualified in flight during the launch of Ariane 5 ECA on February 12, 2005.
Snecma’s HM7B cryogenic rocket engine, is fueled by liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen. It has undergone continuous improvements over the years to increase thrust, specific impulse, burn time and reliability.
The HM7B is a particularly reliable engine, proven in service. Nearly 200 have been produced to date.
Delivering 14,300 pounds of thrust (64.8 kN), it propels Ariane 5’s upper stage for nearly 15 minutes, imparting to the satellite(s) the speed needed for injection into geostationary transfer orbit.
Entering service with the first Ariane launch in 1979, the HM7 cryogenic engine (later the HM7B) powered the third stage of all Ariane 1 to Ariane 4 launchers. On the heavy-lift Ariane 5 ECA, the HM7B powers the cryogenic upper stage.

Turbomeca Sign Contract For Makila Turboshaft Support

Engine maker Turbomeca signed a 25 million EUR contract with the Royal Netherlands Air Force for the repair, overhaul and inspection of Makila 1A2 turboshaft engines, powering the 17 Eurocopter AS532 Cougar helicopters of the Royal Netherlands Air Force.
The Makila is a turboshaft powerplant in the 1,300 kW class (1,700 shaft horsepower) with growth potential to 1,800 kW (2,400 shp). It was designed in five modules for optimum maintainability. Its TBO (Time Between Overhaul) is 3,000 hours.
Compared to the Makila 1A1, the Makila 1A2 offers higher performance and continuous power availability thanks to its EECU (Electronic Engine Control Unit). The Makila 1A2 powers the Eurocopter AS 332 Super Puma and AS 532 Cougar military helicopters.

Wednesday, September 25, 2013

Airbus Unveil Lighter A330 Variant For Domestic Route

Airbus unveiled a new lower weight variant of its versatile A330-300 wide-body aircraft that is optimised for use on domestic and regional routes in high growth markets with large populations and concentrated traffic flows.

Trident II D5 Missile Achieves a Total of 148 Successful Test Flights

U.S. Navy conducted four successful test flights of the Trident II D5 Fleet Ballistic Missiles built by Lockheed Martin.

Video: Maiden Bombardier CSeries First Flight Recap

Tuesday, September 24, 2013

Indian Navy Inducts First BAe Hawk AJT

The Indian Navy has received the first of 17 Hawk Mk 132 Advanced Jet Trainers, becoming the third naval operator of the Hawk along with the US Navy and the Royal Navy.

Lockheed Martin Receives $3.9 Billion THAAD Production Contract

Lockheed Martin received a production contract totaling $3.9 billion to produce elements of the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) Weapons System for the Missile Defense Agency and the United Arab Emirates. 
The contract includes the manufacture and delivery of a maximum of 110 interceptors for the U.S. Army, including the fiscal 2014 option. These Lot 4, 5 and 6 interceptors will be fielded to the U.S. Army at Ft. Bliss, Texas. The contract also includes interceptors and other ground hardware for the UAE.
“Lockheed Martin is focused on delivering these key components of the THAAD Weapon System to our customers,” said Mathew Joyce, vice president and program manager for THAAD at Lockheed Martin. “We continue to see strong interest from around the globe for the unique capabilities THAAD can provide.”
THAAD interceptors are produced at Lockheed Martin’s Pike County facility in Troy, Ala. The launchers and fire control units are produced at the company’s Camden, Ark., facility.
Lockheed Martin is currently under contract for five THAAD batteries for the U.S. Army. Deliveries on Batteries 3 and 4 are underway, with final completion expected in December 2013. Battery 5 was awarded in late 2012. 
Since 2005, the THAAD development program has completed 13 flight tests, with 11 successful intercepts in 11 attempts. THAAD is the only missile defense system with the operational flexibility to intercept in both the endo- and exo-atmospheres to provide versatile capability to the warfighter.
A THAAD battery was deployed for the first time internationally by the U.S. Army to Guam earlier this year.
A key element of the nation’s Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS), THAAD is a Missile Defense Agency program, with the program office located in Huntsville, Ala. The agency is developing the BMDS to defend the United States, its deployed forces, friends and allies against ballistic missiles of all ranges and in all phases of flight.
Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control is a 2012 recipient of the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award for performance excellence. The Malcolm Baldrige Award represents the highest honor that can be awarded to American companies for achievement in leadership, strategic planning, customer relations, measurement, analysis, workforce excellence, operations and business results.
Lockheed Martin is a world leader in systems integration and the development of air and missile defense systems and technologies, including the first operational hit-to-kill interceptor. It also has considerable experience in interceptor design and production, infrared seekers, command and control/battle management, and communications, precision pointing and tracking optics, as well as radar and signal processing. The company makes significant contributions to all major U.S. missile defense systems and participates in several global missile defense partnerships.

Boeing QF-16 Aerial Target Completes 1st Pilotless Flight

Boeing and the U.S. Air Force have completed the first unmanned QF-16 Full Scale Aerial Target flight, demonstrating the next generation of combat training and testing.

Saturday, September 21, 2013

Singapore's F-15SG Fighters Achieve Final Operational Capability

Royal Singapore Air Force's Boeing F-15SG multi-role fighter aircraft has attained Full Operational Capability (FOC) after three and a half years.

Astrium To Produce 18 Additional Ariane 5 ECA Launchers

Astrium and Arianespace signed an initial agreement on 17 September to begin the production of 18 additional Ariane 5 ECA launchers.
As part of this agreement, Arianespace has ordered from Astrium, long-lead items and the start of production activities for the 18 additional launchers. These items and the first production activities are valued at more than 400 million euros. Astrium and Arianespace plan to sign the full production contract for the additional launchers before the end of 2013.
These additional 18 Ariane 5s should be launched from 2017 onwards, following on from the 35 launchers ordered in 2009 (PB batch).
Present at the signing were Alain Charmeau, CEO of Astrium Space Transportation, and Stéphane Israël, Arianespace Chairman and CEO.
This order takes the number of Ariane 5 launchers in production for Arianespace to 38, and guarantees the continued provision of launch services for the European operator’s customers at the Guiana Space Centre through to the end of the decade.
Ariane 5 can carry payloads weighing more than 10 metric tons to geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) and over 20 metric tons into low-Earth orbit (LEO).

Friday, September 20, 2013

BAE Systems Proposes Air-To- Air Refuelling Variant of BAe146/Avro RJ

Building on the success of the BAe 146/Avro RJ regional jetliner in a variety of military and special role applications, BAE Systems unveiled its proposal for a cost-effective air-to-air refuelling (A2R) variant of the aircraft
Speaking at the Defence Services Equipment International (DSEI) exhibition in London, Mark Taylor, Business Director Engineering for BAE Systems Regional Aircraft stated:
“We believe that the A2R version of the BAe 146/Avro RJ is a sound business proposition for military planners and air forces that need this capability but who are having to face the financial realities of defence budget cutbacks".
The design of the aircraft with its high wing and T-tail configuration is ideal for A2R operations. BAE Systems Regional Aircraft has already carried out proximity flight trials using a BAe 146-200, Avro RJ85 and Hawk jet trainer. This was successfully completed and confirmed that the aerodynamic environment behind the quad jet is benign and the aircraft therefore has considerable potential as an A2R aircraft for refuelling a range of aircraft types and sizes.
It is considered the BAe 146/Avro RJ might be particularly suitable as a tanker for tilt-rotor aircraft which can experience additional challenges when in the slipstream of some other tanker aircraft.
The business has carried out design concepts for a hose and drogue unit (HDU)-based system and these included the option for additional fuel tanks within the cabin.
The standard tankage on the BAe 146/Avro RJ gives up to approximately 7000 kg of fuel available for transfer – sufficient for A2R training at the lowest capital cost. Additional auxiliary fuel tanks in the cabin would provide up to about 18,000kg of fuel available for transfer, making the aircraft a useful tactical refuelling airtanker.
The wide airspeed range of the aircraft gives flexibility in refuelling the variety of fixed and rotary wing aircraft currently in service. In this role the aircraft can fly up to 300 knots indicated air speed/M.072 at 31,000 ft (BAe 146) or 35,000 ft (Avro RJ).
BAE Systems Regional Aircraft is well equipped to undertake mission system development and provide operational support. The business has most recently designed and delivered two converted BAe 146 C Mk.3 passenger/freighter transports to the RAF. It also is working with QinetiQ for the conversion of an Avro RJ70 for the Empire Test Pilots School, is responsible for the BAe 146 Atmospheric Research Aircraft which involves two/three major scientific role changes each year, and is working with a number of Airtanker (aerial firefighter) operators in North America on multiple aircraft conversions.
There is a plentiful supply of pre-owned BAe 146 and Avro RJs on the market at very low prices of between US$ 1 – 6 million depending on age, configuration and condition with a fleet average flight cycle time of around 30,000 cycles. In addition, there is a Life Extension Programme available for both aircraft types that can increase this to 60,000 cycles, giving the aircraft many years of useful service, especially at the lower utilisation levels typically flown by military and special role operators.
Lead times are short so service availability can be relatively quick and BAE Systems Regional Aircraft estimates that from go ahead it will take some 18 months to produce a basic specification centreline HDU equipped aircraft available for flight trials.
The standard fit on an Avro RJ85 would include auxiliary fuel tanks, a centreline HDU, lights, cameras and control systems on the flight deck and military communications.
Pricing for a completed aircraft will be very competitive. As an example, a late model RJ85 will be around US$ 5 million for a basic aircraft with perhaps £5-10 million of conversion costs depending on final specification. Optional fits on the aircraft could include a dual HDU installation, defensive aids (missile protection, flight deck armour and fuel tank inerting) and unpaved runway operations.

SAAB Self Protection System For ALH Dhruv Helicopters

Swedish Saab has received two orders from Hindustan Aeronautic Limited (HAL), India, for serial production of an integrated electronic warfare self-protection system for installation on the Indian Army’s and Air force’s Advanced Light Helicopter. The orders have a total value of approximately SEK 216 million (USD 33 million).
Saab’s Integrated Defensive Aids Suite (IDAS) protects crew and aircraft and enhances the survivability in sophisticated, diverse and dense threat environments. The system provides a timely warning against different types of threats including radar, laser and missile approach warning; and automatically deploys the appropriate countermeasures.
These orders follow initial serial production orders received in 2008 and further established Saab as a local partner to the Indian Industry and provider of high tech products and systems to the Indian Armed Forces.
Deliveries are scheduled to commence in 2014. Development and production of the IDAS system will take place at Saab in Centurion, South Africa (Saab Grintek Defence).
The system has a long and successful history with proven capability on many airborne platforms such as the Saab 2000, Agusta-Westland A109, Super Lynx 300, Boeing CH-47 Chinook, Denel Rooivalk and Oryx, Eurocopter Cougar, Puma & Super Puma, NH Industries NH90, C-130 and L100 Hercules, Sukhoi Su-30MKM. Deliveries are ongoing for the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited Advanced Light Helicopter.
Saab's IDAS is an EW system designed to provide self-defence in sophisticated, diverse and dense threat environments. IDAS can be configured to become the high-end system with laser-warning, missile-approach-warning, as well as full multi-spectral detection capability for radar. The system is fully integrated with the BOP-L countermeasures dispenser.

Astrium To Built New German SARah Satellite Based Reconnaissance System

Astrium, Europe’s leading space company, and OHB System AG (Bremen, Germany) signed a contract in Friedrichshafen for the development, construction and launch of a high performance radar satellite for the ‘SARah’ satellite-based reconnaissance system, for a total value of 344 million euros on 18 Sept.
The contract governing the operation of existing German SAR-Lupe satellite-based radar reconnaissance system expires in November 2017. In order to maintain its reconnaissance capabilities in the future,, SARah is the follow-up system, which will be more effective.
The contract also covers the provision of all necessary components for the ground segment to ensure the image production process, from requesting images through to final delivery is fully operational from the end of 2019.
The overall SARah system consists of three satellites and two ground stations. The space segment consists of two satellites equipped with the reflector technology from OHB, and a third satellite, equipped with Astrium’s proven phased-array technology, currently operating perfectly in orbit on the civil satellites TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X.
The term ‘phased-array’ is used to describe phase-controlled antennas made up of numerous individual transmitter/receiver modules which can be interconnected, bundled and variably controlled. This enables direction and range of view to be adjusted without needing to move the antennas mechanically, thus providing the user with rapid image sequencing, variable image sizes and ‘blur-free’ recordings.

Lufthansa Split Long Haul Order Between Boeing 777X And Airbus A350

Airbus A350
The Supervisory board of Lufthansa Airlines, approved the purchase of 59 ultra-modern aircrafts - 34 Boeing 777-9Xs and 25 Airbus A350-900s to replace and modernise its long-haul fleet.
Lufthansa also has option for 30 A350-900 aircrafts and has the flexibility to convert some of the order to the larger A350-1000.

Northrop X-47B Completes 100 Flights

The X-47B (AV-2) conducted the 100th flight for the US Navy's Unmanned Combat Air System Demonstration (UCAS-D) program on Sept. 18.

Video: Ship Trials Prove F-35B Capabilities

Recent ship trials for the Lockheed Martin F-35B onboard the USS Wasp [LHD-1] underscored the fifth-generation fighter’s unique capabilities and operational utility according to Marines and sailors alike. During the 18-day long ship trials, two F-35Bs conducted a series of tests to determine the aircraft’s suitability for sea-based operations. The aircraft completed 95 vertical landings, 19 of which were conducted at night, and 94 short takeoffs. The ship trials, known as Developmental Test-II, were a key milestone on the Marine Corps’ path to Initial Operating Capability which is scheduled for 2015. “The fact that the Harrier was not fly by wire at all, there was nothing in between me and the flight controls,” said Marine Corps Maj. Michael Rountree, an F-35 test pilot. “So, I could do things in the Harrier that would very specifically get me killed if I did them incorrectly. Whereas in this airplane there is a level of protection between me and those flight control surfaces. So in a mission – you know up and away from the ship – that’s going to allow me more time to think about the tactical picture, thinking about how I’m going to support the Marines on the ground.”

Additional Airbus A350 XWBs To Join Flight Test Programme Soon

With more than 150 flight test hours performed to date by the first Airbus A350 XWB prototype aircraft, Airbus is preparing its additional fleet of four of these next-generation wide body jetliners to join the flight test and certification campaign.

Boeing To End C-17 Production In 2015

Boeing will cease production of its C-17 Globemaster III airlifter and close the final assembly facility in Long Beach, California in 2015, company said in a press release.
Boeing will continue after-delivery support of the worldwide C-17 fleet as part of the C-17 Globemaster III Integrated Sustainment Program (GISP) Performance-Based Logistics agreement. The GISP "virtual fleet" arrangement will provide the highest airlift mission-capable rate at one of the lowest costs per flying hour.

"Ending C-17 production was a very difficult but necessary decision," said Dennis Muilenburg, president and chief executive officer of Boeing Defense, Space & Security. "We want to thank the highly skilled and talented employees who have built this great airlifter for more than two decades– and those who will help us as we continue to build the remaining 22 aircraft and support and modernize the global fleet for decades to come. The C-17 remains the world's most capable airlifter with unmatched readiness and cost effectiveness."
Boeing continues the production at 10 C-17s per year for 22 additional new aircraft, in which seven are destined for the Indian air force, while two more are for an undisclosed customer. The thirteen remaining aircraft have no firm orders.

"Our customers around the world face very tough budget environments. While the desire for the C-17's capabilities is high, budgets cannot support additional purchases in the timing required to keep the production line open," Muilenburg added. "What's more, here in the United States the sequestration situation has created significant planning difficulties for our customers and the entire aerospace industry. Such uncertainty forces difficult decisions like this C-17 line closure. We will continue to make tough but necessary decisions to drive affordability and preserve our ability to invest for the future."

Nearly 3,000 employees support the C-17 production program in Long Beach; Macon, Ga.;Mesa, Arizona and St. Louis. Workforce reductions will begin in early 2014 and continue through closure. Boeing will provide employee assistance including job search resources, financial counseling, retirement seminars and help locating potential jobs within and outside of the company.

Additionally, the C-17 industrial team includes more than 650 suppliers in 44 states in US. Boeing and its suppliers provide 20,000 jobs in support of C-17 production.
Since the first flight on Sept. 15, 1991, the C-17 has amassed more than 2.6 million flying hours supporting airlift of troops and large cargo, precision airdrop of humanitarian supplies and life saving aeromedical missions.

Boeing has delivered 257 C-17s, including 223 to the U.S. Air Force, and a total of 34 to Australia, Canada,India, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, theUnited Kingdomand the 12-member Strategic Airlift Capability initiative of NATO and Partnership for Peace nations.
C-17s have been involved in contingency operations of all types, including flying troops and equipment to Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan and to Operation Iraqi Freedom. The airlifter also has been used in humanitarian missions around the world, including the Japanese and Indian Ocean tsunamis of 2011 and 2004, respectively; Hurricane Katrina in 2005; and the Haitian earthquake of 2010.
The C-17 holds 33 world records – more than any other airlifter in history – including payload-to-altitude, time-to-climb and short-takeoff-and-landing marks. It has exceeded 2.6 million flight hours, playing an integral role in global strategic airlift.
Boeing delivered the 223rd and last U.S. Air Force C-17 on 12 Sept.

Thursday, September 19, 2013

Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense System Successfully Intercepts Most Sophisticated Target

KAUAI, Hawaii

The Lockheed Martin, Missile Defense Agency and U.S. Navy successfully demonstrated, on the first attempt, the second generation Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD)Weapon System’s capability to engage a sophisticated, separating short range ballistic missile target with two Standard Missile-3 (SM-3) Block IB guided missiles that were fired and guided to intercept nearly simultaneously on 18 Sept.
The test, known as Flight Test - Standard Missile-21 (FTM-21), was an operational test for Aegis BMD and SM-3 Block IB guided missile to engage and defeat a ballistic missile threat. FTM-21 marked the tenth time the USS Lake Erie (CG 70) and crew have successfully performed in Navy and Missile Defense Agency at-sea test events against cruise and ballistic missile targets using the second generation of the Aegis BMD configuration.
At approximately 2:30 p.m. Hawaii Standard Time (8:30 p.m. EDT), a complex separating short-range ballistic missile target was launched from the Pacific Missile Range Facility on Kauai, Hawaii. The target flew northwest towards a broad ocean area of the Pacific Ocean. Following target launch, the USS Lake Erie detected and tracked the missile with its onboard AN/SPY-1 radar. The ship, equipped with the second-generation Aegis BMD weapon system, developed a fire control solution and launched two SM-3 Block IB guided missiles to engage the target. The first SM-3 that was launched successfully intercepted the target warhead. This was the first salvo mission of two SM-3 Block IB guided missiles launched against a single separating target.
FTM-21 is the 27th successful intercept in 33 flight test attempts for the Aegis BMD program since flight testing began in 2002. Across all Ballistic Missile Defense System programs, this is the 63rd successful hit-to-kill intercept in 79 flight test attempts since 2001.
Aegis BMD 4.0.2 configuration provides the US Navy with the ability to respond to ever increasing and evolving ballistic missile threats around the world with persistent and reliable capabilities.”
The central component of the Lockheed Martin-developed Aegis BMD Combat System is the SPY-1 radar, the most widely fielded naval phased array radar in the world. The Aegis system and SPY-1 radar provide the U.S. and allied nations with advanced surveillance, anti-air warfare and missile defense capabilities.
The Missile Defense Agency and Navy are jointly developing Aegis BMD as part of the U.S. Ballistic Missile Defense System. Currently, 27 Aegis BMD-equipped warships have the certified capability to engage ballistic missiles and perform long-range surveillance and tracking missions, as well as an additional four ships in the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force. The U.S. Navy plans to procure seven new Aegis BMD-equipped destroyers, and has also planned to develop two Aegis Ashore systems to perform ballistic missile defense.
Aegis BMD is the naval component of the MDA's Ballistic Missile Defense System. The Aegis BMD engagement capability defeats short- to intermediate-range, unitary and separating, midcourse-phase ballistic missile threats with the SM-3, as well as short-range ballistic missiles in the terminal phase with the Standard Missile-2 (SM-2) Block IV missile.

Wednesday, September 18, 2013

Aerojet Rocketdyne's Propulsion System Still Powers Voyager 1 In its Interstellar Mission

Aerojet Rocketdyne, announced today that the hydrazine propulsion system that it originally built in collaboration with NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in the 1970s has entered interstellar space, the space between stars, aboard the Voyager 1 spacecraft.
The Voyager 1 spacecraft, originally launched in 1977 aboard the Titan IIIE-Centaur launch vehicle, is now 11.7 billion miles from Earth and traveling at a speed of 38,000 miles per hour.
At a press conference on Sept. 12, NASA announced that it has determined the exact date that the Voyager 1 spacecraft entered interstellar space —Aug. 25, 2012. This milestone establishes Aerojet Rocketdyne's onboard propulsion system as the first and only interstellar propulsion system.
Aerojet Rocketdyne's contributions to this landmark mission include not only propulsion for Voyager 1, but the engines that originally powered the Titan IIIE three-stage rocket launch fromCape Canaveral in 1977.Aerojet Rocketdyne provided the Titan's first and second stage booster engines, along with the RL10 engines for Centaur upper stage propulsion that successfully launched the Voyager 1 probe into orbit.
Aerojet Rocketdyne was awarded its first contract for the Titan program in 1955 and supplied 50 years of propulsion to all launch vehicles in the Titan rocket family.
For both Voyager 1 and Voyager 2, which launched before Voyager 1,Aerojet Rocketdyne provided four 100 lbf and four 5 lbf monopropellant hydrazine thrusters, as well as an attitude control system including the 16 0.2 lbf monopropellant hydrazine thrusters that are still in operation today. Voyager 2, boasting the longest operational propulsion system in space, also is expected to enter interstellar space. Eventually,NASA said, the Voyagers will pass other stars, coasting and drifting and being pulled by gravity. The next big encounter for Voyager 1, in approximately 40,000 years, is expected to be the dwarf star AC+79 3888 currently in the constellation of Camelopardalis.
"The tremendous success and longevity of the Voyager spacecraft is a testament to the engineering excellence of NASA, JPL and Aerojet Rocketdyne," stated Warren M. Boley, Jr., president of Aerojet Rocketdyne.

Tuesday, September 17, 2013

Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner Makes Maiden Flight

The new stretched variant of Boeing 787 family- 787-9 Dreamliner took to the skies for the first time on Tuesday, beginning a comprehensive flight-test program leading to certification and delivery in mid-2014.
With its distinctive new Boeing livery, the newest member of the efficient 787 family completed a 5-hour, 16-minute flight, taking off from Paine Field in Everett, Washington, at 11:02 a.m. local time and landing at 4:18 p.m. at Seattle's Boeing Field.

During the flight, 787-9 Senior Project Pilot Mike Bryan and 787 Chief Pilot Randy Neville departed to the north, reaching an altitude of 20,400 feet (6,218 meters) and an airspeed of 250 knots, or about 288 miles (463 kilometers) per hour, customary for a first flight. While Capts. Bryanand Neville tested the airplane's systems and structures, onboard equipment transmitted real-time data to a flight-test team on the ground in Seattle.
"We accomplished a lot in this flight, and it went really well," said Bryan. "The 787-9 is a great jet and we wanted to just keep on flying."
Powered by two Rolls-Royce Trent 1000 engines, the first 787-9 will be joined in flight test by two additional airplanes, one of which will feature General Electric GEnx engines. Those airplanes are in the final stages of assembly in Boeing's Everett factory. Over the coming months, the fleet will be subjected to a variety of tests and conditions to demonstrate the safety and reliability of the airplane's design.
The 787-9 will complement and extend the 787 family, offering airlines the ability to grow routes first opened with the 787-8. With the fuselage stretched by 20 feet (6 meters) over the 787-8, the 787-9 will carry 40 more passengers an additional 300 nautical miles (555 kilometers), with the same exceptional environmental performance — 20 percent less fuel use and 20 percent fewer emissions than similarly sized airplanes. The 787-9 leverages the visionary design of the 787-8, offering the features passengers prefer such as large, dimmable windows, large stow bins, modern LED lighting, higher humidity, a lower cabin altitude, cleaner air and a smoother ride.
Boeing is on track to deliver the 787-9 to launch customer Air New Zealand in mid-2014. Twenty-five customers from around the world have ordered 388 787-9s, accounting for 40 percent of all 787 orders.

FAA Certifies Rolls-Royce T56 Turboprop Engine Enhancement

National Harbor, Maryland

Rolls-Royce has received US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Type Certificate for the T56 turboprop engine enhancement program, a technology improvement that will significantly reduce fuel consumption, and could save the US Air Force billions of dollars and extend the life of its C-130H transport fleet.
The new type certificate for the T56/501D turboprop engine confirms the enhancement program has met or exceeded all FAA requirements for the L-100/382, which is the commercial variant of the C-130 military transport.
Rolls-Royce also has completed all requirements to achieve USAF engine qualification for the military C-130, and formal approval remains on schedule for later in the year.
The C-130 engine enhancement program demonstrated an increase of nearly 10 percent fuel efficiency during flight tests, along with significantly lower turbine temperatures, which will translate into 22 percent reliability improvement. A US Air Force study concluded that C-130 engine enhancement would lead to $2 billion in cost savings and extend the life of its C-130H fleet for decades.
The engine improvement program, known as the T56 Series 3.5, can be installed as part of a conventional engine overhaul, and does not require any aircraft or engine control system modifications. Each C-130 aircraft has fourRolls-RoyceT56 engines, with approximately 220 USAF C-130H models eligible for updating, as well as a large fleet of international operators. Other aircraft, including the Lockheed Martin P-3, are also eligible for the engine enhancement.

PurePower PW1500G Engines Powered Maiden Bombardier CSeries Flight

Pratt & Whitney's PurePower PW1500G engine successfully powered Bombardier's new CSeries airliner on its maiden flight on monday. The PW1500G engine, which achieved engine certification from Transport Canada in February, is the first of six new engine programs using Pratt & Whitney's Geared Turbofan™ architecture to power an aircraft.
The flight milestone is a key step forward to aircraft certification and entry-into-service. To date, the PW1500G engine has completed 3,000 hours of ground and flight testing.
The PurePower PW1000G engine family uses an advanced gear system that allows the engine's fan to operate at a different speed than the low-pressure compressor and turbine. Built on the foundation of the company's successful fifth generation fighter engines, the PW1000G engine family includes micro-circuit internal cooling to enhance durability and efficiency.
Additionally, the leading edge coating technology derived and proven in the harshest environments provides the engine's airfoils with a "non-stick" barrier that is critical for high temperatures and harsh environments.
Final assembly for the PW1500G engines will be at Pratt & Whitney Canada's Mirabel Aerospace Centre in Mirabel, Québec, Canada. UTC Aerospace Systems, formed after UTC's acquisition of Goodrich, provides the nacelle system.
More info:

Helibras Successfully Flight Test Counter Measure System For Eurocopter EC725

Brazilian Subsidiary of Eurocopter- Helibras has successfully completed flight testing of a chaff and flare countermeasures dispensing system for Eurocopter EC725 helicopters, completing a first-of-its-kind system integration project in Brazil and marking another key phase in Eurocopter's contract to supply 50 of these Super Puma/Cougar family rotorcraft to the Brazilian armed forces.
Six flights were performed with the self-protection systems which is used to detect and identify threats to the aircraft and confuse heat-seeking and radar-guided missiles, validating its operation and integration with the helicopters other functions. The system was developed by Helibras Engineering Center under the supervision of Chief Engineer Walter Filho.
Performed by a Brazilian Helibras crew of flight test pilot Patrik Correa and flight test engineer Dreyfus Silva, the airborne evaluations checked the dispensing of flares and chaff throughout the EC725s entire flight envelope using one of the helicopters produced for the Brazilian armed forces.
These flights occurred at Santa Cruz Air Base near Rio de Janeiro and were made possible through the cooperation of Helibras with the Brazilian Air Force, and coordinated through Brazil's national Aerospace Technology and Science Department.

The Brazilian Navy provided one of its Eurocopter Super Puma AS332 L1 helicopters to accompany the EC725 in flight, ensuring the tests were carried out safely.
The self-protection system's in-country development is part of Eurocopter's ambitious technology transfer program, enabling Brazilian defense organizations and companies to enhance their technical capabilities while opening significant growth opportunities for the nation�s industry. The program currently comprises several industrial cooperation projects and offset activities.
Helibras and its Eurocopter parent company have already invested in the technology transfer and offset efforts an outlay that covers facilities, training programs and all necessary support and innovation involved in the ultimate build-up of helicopters on a new Helibras final assembly line at Itajub� in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais.
To date, seven EC725s for the Brazilian armed forces produced by Eurocopter in France have been delivered in the first phase of Brazil's acquisition and an eighth will be delivered before the end of the year. The next batch of helicopters already is in Itajub, with some of them undergoing partial build-up on the Helibras final assembly line. After testing and acceptance, they will be delivered beginning in early 2014.
As part of the batch, one EC725 will be used for the development and integration of systems. This is the first helicopter to have been processed through every assembly station stage in the company's Minas Gerais final assembly line.
The EC725 is Eurocopter's latest member of its Super Puma/Cougar helicopter family. As a highly capable twin-engine helicopter in the 11-metric-ton category, it is designed for multiple missions, including combat search and rescue, long-range tactical transport, aeromedical transport, logistic support and naval duties.

Raytheon Awarded HARM Control Section Modification Contract

The U.S. Air Force awarded Raytheon a $14 million Lot 2 contract to continue full rate production of High-Speed Anti-Radiation Missile (HARM) Control Section Modification (HCSM) upgrade units.
The modification adds a GPS receiver and an improved inertial measurement unit (IMU) for precision navigation to the existing HARM. HCSM also features a digital flight computer that merges targeting solutions from navigation and seeker systems.
Raytheon began modification of existing HARMs early this year. Delivery of HCSM units is scheduled for the fourth quarter of 2013. Raytheon has teamed with Honeywell, Rockwell Collins and others for the HCSM program.
The contract was awarded in Raytheon's second quarter of 2013.
The AGM-88 High-Speed Anti-Radiation Missile is a key battlespace element to suppress or destroy surface-to-air missile radars, early warning radars and radar-directed air defense artillery systems. HARMs have made hostile airspaces worldwide safer for U.S. and allied warfighters. The missile resides in the inventories of eight countries.
*.More than 4,000 HARMs have been employed in combat.
*.HCSM adds GPS/IMU navigation accuracy, giving HARM the ability to engage time-critical targets.
*.HCSM has new features that degrade counter-HARM tactics, while reducing the risk of fratricide or collateral damage.

Chinese Made Composite Elevators For Airbus A350 Arrive In Spain

Harbin Hafei Airbus Composite Manufacturing Centre (HMC), a joint venture between Airbus and its Chinese partners, has started to deliver elevators for the Airbus A350 XWB programme. A ceremony was held on monday in Harbin for the delivery of the first ship set of elevators.

First LRASM Boosted Test Vehicle Successfully Launched From MK 41 Vertical Launch System

Lockheed Martin successfully launched the first Long Range Anti-Ship Missile (LRASM) Boosted Test Vehicle (BTV) from a MK 41 Vertical Launch System (VLS) canister at White Sands Missile Range, N.M.
During the company-funded test, the MK41 VLS successfully launched the LRASM BTV.
The BTV, which includes the proven Vertical Launch Anti-Submarine Rocket (VL/ASROC) Mk-114 rocket motor, ignited successfully, penetrated and exited through the canister cover and performed a guided flight profile similar to a tactical configuration.
The flight test was part of an ongoing Lockheed Martin-funded Offensive Anti-Surface Weapon effort, independent of the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA) LRASM program, focused on shipboard integration of LRASM’s surface launched variant.
Building on the recent push-through testingwhich proved the missile’s ability to break through the canister cover with no damage to the missile, the BTV launch is also an important risk reduction milestone critical to demonstrating LRASM’s surface launch capability.
LRASM is an autonomous, precision-guided anti-ship standoff missile leveraging the successful Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile Extended Range (JASSM-ER)heritage, and is designed to meet the needs of U.S. Navy and Air Force warfighters.
The BTV flight was the first time a Mk-114 rocket motor was used to launch LRASM. The Mk-114 rocket motor is currently deployed as the rocket motor for the VL/ASROC, so this flight test verified that the Mk-114’s robust design can be used for heavy payloads with minimal software changes to the Digital Autopilot Controller.
Armed with a proven penetrator and blast-fragmentation warhead, LRASM cruises autonomously, day or night, in all weather conditions. The missile employs a multi-modal sensor, weapon data link and an enhanced digital anti-jam Global Positioning System to detect and destroy specific targets within a group of ships.
LRASM is in development with DARPA and the Office of Naval Research. Lockheed Martin’s offering has both surface launched and air launched variants to prosecute sea-based targets at significant standoff ranges.

Lockheed Joins Bell V-280 Valor Tiltrotor Program

Lockheed Martin has joined Bell V-280 Valor™ tilt rotor helicopter program with Bell Helicopters, as a tier one team member.

“We made the strategic decision to invest in a mission system and provide Bell Helicopter with this leap-ahead combat capability on the V-280 Valor,” said Dale P. Bennett, executive vice president, Lockheed Martin Mission Systems and Training.
“The U.S. Government and Lockheed Martin have created affordable yet highly-advanced mission equipment packages for numerous aircraft that can be leveraged to provide an affordable and effective solution for the Future Vertical Lift program. Our efforts will allow the U.S. Army to take advantage of the advanced technology and maturity we’ve achieved in integrated avionics, sensors, and weapons.”
The Bell V-280 Valor was recently selected by the U.S. Army to enter into negotiations for the Joint Multi-Role (JMR) Technology Demonstrator (TD) program, with contracts expected to be awarded by September 2013. The transformational features of Bell Helicopter's third generation tiltrotor capitalize on combat-proven technology. The Valor is designed to deliver the best value in procurement, operations and support, and force structure, through increased maintainability, component reliability and systems designed to reduce operational and support costs.
The Valor’s versatile design has the capacity to perform a multitude of missions with unparalleled speed, range and agility, making the aircraft a combat multiplier. The Bell V-280 is the most advanced and operationally effective vertical lift solution, providing the warfighter a decisive advantage.
The JMR-TD program is the science and technology precursor to the US Department of Defense's estimated $100 billion Future Vertical Lift program expected to replace between 2000-4000 medium class utility and attack helicopters. The U.S. Army and Department of Defense are seeking leap-ahead capabilities and have identified a speed of 230+ knots as a key discriminating capability. Its current fleet cruises at 130 knots.

Textron AirLand Unveil Scorpion ISR/Strike Aircraft

Textron AirLand, a joint venture between Textron Inc. and AirLand Enterprises, unveiled its Scorpion jet-powered aircraft prototype, a versatile Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR)/Strike aircraft platform.
The aircraft was introduced during a press conference at the Air Force Association Air & Space Conference andTechnology Exposition in National Harbor,Maryland.
The demonstration aircraft is now in test phase, with first flight scheduled to occur before the end of this year—a rapid schedule by any measure of military jet development.
Textron Chairman and CEO Scott Donnelly said, “We began development of the Scorpion in January 2012 with the objective to design, build and fly the world’s most affordable tactical jet aircraft capable of performing lower-threat battlefield and homeland security missions.” Donnelly continued, “We relied on commercial best practices to develop a tactical jet platform with flexibility and capabilities found only in far more costly aircraft.”
The Scorpion is designed to accommodate the increasingly stringent budget constraints of the U.S. Department of Defense and U.S. partner nations. The Scorpion’s design is well matched to the Air National Guard’s missions such as irregular warfare, border patrol, maritime surveillance, emergency relief, counter-narcotics and air defense operations. While Scorpion’s lower acquisition price is an advantage, an equally important benefit is the lower cost of operation over the aircraft’s full lifecycle. Combining ease of maintenance and globally-available commercial components, the Scorpion can significantly lower the customer’s total cost of ownership.
Configured with canted tails and unswept 47 ft 4 in long wing, it has a length of 43 ft 6 in and height of 14 ft.
All-composite airframe and structure ensure reduced fatigue and corrosion issues and has a 20,000 hour service life.
It has a empty weight of 11,800 lbs and max takeoff weight of 21,250 lbs with a max internal fuel load of 6,000 lbs.
The Scorpion’s 3000 lbs internal payload bay provides critical operational flexibility to quickly incorporate new payloads, scaling tactical systems performance to meet operational capability needs. With its modular partitioning, loading, alignment and retention system, the payload bay can accommodate a variety of sensors, fuel, and communications modules in the most appropriate capability mix to meet a diverse range of mission performance profiles. External hardpoints can carry scalable and precision munitions.
Max Speed is 450 KTAS with a service ceiling 45,000 ft and 2400 nm ferry range.
The Scorpion is powered by two turbofan engines that together produce approximately 8,000 pounds of thrust. The engines are directed by a Digital Electronic Engine Control and supply conditioned bleed air to the pneumatic system. Accessories mounted on the engine gearbox power electrical and hydraulic systems. The engines can operate on Jet-A, JP-5, and JP-8 jet fuels.
The Scorpion’s two cockpits use modern, multi-function color displays to present flight, aircraft performance, navigation, and weapons information.
It features:
*.Built-in Flight Management System
*.Class-B Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS)
*.Engine Indicating/Crew Alerting System (CAS)/Master Caution
*.Dual Air Data Attitude Heading Reference Systems
*.Dual Global Positioning System/Satellite-Based Augmentation System (GPS/SBAS)
*.Display of External Video (Mission Processor, EO/IR, etc.) – Sensor Agnostic
*.Integrated Moving Maps Including Highway in the Sky Functionality
*.Weather Radar Controls
*.Night Vision Compatible
*.Low Power Consumption
*.Digital Flight Playback

Monday, September 16, 2013

Bombardier CSeries FTV1 Debut Flight

Bombardier Aerospace celebrated the successful first flight of its CSeries aircraft today, an all-new family of aircraft specifically designed for the 100- to 149-seat market segment. The maiden flight marks the start of the CSeries aircraft’s flight test program leading up to the first customer delivery, and was also the first flight for Pratt & Whitney’s new Geared Turbofan™ PurePower engine as part of an aircraft certification program.
The historic flight of CSeries flight test vehicle one (FTV1) – a CS100 jetliner bearing Canadian registration markings C-FBCS – was conducted under the command of Captain Charles (Chuck) Ellis, Chief Flight Test Pilot, Bombardier Flight Test Center. Capt. Ellis was assisted by his colleagues, Capt. Andris (Andy) Litavniks and Andreas Hartono in the roles of First Officer and Flight Test Engineer, respectively. The flight departed from Montréal–Mirabel International Airport at approximately 9:55 EDT and returned at approximately 12:25 EDT.
“The performance of the CSeries aircraft was very impressive! We couldn’t have wished for a better maiden flight,” said Capt. Ellis. “FTV1’s state-of-the-art flight deck was responsive and comfortable, and the aircraft handled exactly as expected. Overall, we had a very productive first flight and an excellent start to the flight test program.”
“This is a very proud day for Bombardier and a true validation of the CSeries aircraft’s design and development, and of our extensive ground test program,” said Rob Dewar, Vice President and General Manager,CSeries Program, Bombardier Commercial Aircraft. “Five years in the making, the CSeries aircraft’s first flight is the culmination of an incredible amount of hard work and dedication from our employees, partners and suppliers around the world.
“During its maiden flight, CSeries FTV1 reached an altitude of 12,500 feet (3,810 metres) and an air speed of 230 knots (426 km/h). In-flight tests included flap and landing gear retractions and extensions; in-flight manoeuvres that included a simulated landing; and early validation of the flight control system. Additionally, we’re also delighted that many of our guests commented on the impressive and quiet performance during takeoff and landing,” added Mr. Dewar.
“On behalf of Bombardier’s leadership team, I extend my gratitude to everyone who was involved in making this flight such a great success,” said Mike Arcamone, President, Bombardier Commercial Aircraft. “The patience, care and quality that has gone into the CSeries aircraft’s development program shone through today as we celebrate this milestone achievement of the first all-new, single-aisle aircraft that will revolutionize the 100- to 149-seat commercial aircraft market – with its outstanding economics, reduced environmental footprint and exceptional flying experience.
“This flight takes us one step closer to putting the game-changing CSeries aircraft into service with our customers and their passengers,” added Mr. Arcamone.
The first CSeries aircraft was greeted by more than 3,000 Bombardier employees and Board members, customers, partners and suppliers, upon its return to the company’s Mirabel, Québec facility, where the final assembly line for the CSeries aircraft program is now under construction.
A total of five CS100 flight test vehicles, all of which are currently in various stages of assembly, will join the flight test program in the coming months.
Designed for the growing 100- to 149-seat market, the 100 per cent new CSeries aircraft family combines advanced materials, leading-edge technology and proven methods to meet commercial airline requirements. Powered by Pratt & Whitney PurePower PW1500G engines, the CSeries aircraft family will offer a 15 per cent cash operating cost advantage and a 20 per cent fuel burn advantage. With the extra capacity seating option, the CS300 aircraft’s productivity further improves, offering airlines an average of four per cent additional cash operating cost advantage per seat. The CSeries aircraft’s clean-sheet design is ensuring that the aircraft will achieve greatly reduced noise and emissions, as well as superior operational flexibility, exceptional airfield performance and a range of 2,950 NM (5,463 km). TheCSeriesaircraft will be up to 12,000 lbs. (5,443 kg) lighter than other aircraft in the same seat category and will provide passengers with a best-in-class, widebody cabin environment in a single-aisle aircraft.
As of today, Bombardier has booked orders and commitments for 388 CSeries aircraft, which include firm orders for 177 CSeries airliners. Some 15 customers and lessees have joined the CSeries aircraft program.

Video: Bombardier CSeries FTV1 Takes Off

NASA Contributions to Boeing C-17 Globemaster III

Source: NASA
NASA Link:

photo: Boeing

Aeronautical concepts conceived at NASA in the last four decades have been incorporated into the U.S. military's next generation of jet transports, including the Air Force's McDonnell Douglas(now Boeing) C-17 Globemaster III airlifter.

Four NASA centers contributed to the C-17: Ames Research Center in Mountain View, Calif.; Dryden Flight Research Center in Edwards, Calif.;Langley Research Center in Hampton, Va.; and Lewis Research Center in Cleveland, Ohio.

The C-17 has performance characteristics that distinguish it from its predecessors, including long-range capability, outstanding aerodynamic efficiency, ease of ground operations, heavy cargo payload capability, and ability to perform extensive airdrops over hostile territory and make precision landings and takeoffs from shortor makeshift runways.

"The C-17 is the right airplane at the right time," said Norbert Smith, a McDonnell Douglas senior manager. "It's an airlifter that our deployed forces will get much use from, as demonstrated at Tuzla Airfield in Bosnia. It has today's technologies and will take the Air Force into new concepts in operations and deployments well into the future.
"With the C-17," Smith said, "both the Air Force and McDonnell Douglas have benefited significantly from the contributions of NASAͳ innovative technology applications."

The C-17 program is a prime example of the often-lengthy aerospace technology maturation process, the time it takes for technology concepts to reach an operational hardware status.

U.S. Defense Department launched its Cargo-Experimental (C-X) program in 1979, and the Air Force selected McDonnell Douglas as the manufacturer of the envisioned C-17 in 1981. The company used the NASA-derived technologies that had been made available to industry in the last four decades. The first C-17 rolled off the assembly line in 1991.

Powered Lift

A key element of the aircraft is a flap system developed by a team of researchers at NASA Langley Research Center in the mid-1950s. The"externally blown flap" or "powered-lift system" enables the airplane to make slow, steep approaches with heavy cargo loads. The steep approach helps pilots make precision landings with the aircraft, touching down precisely in the spot desired on limited runway surfaces.

This was accomplished by diverting engine exhaust downward, giving the wing more lift. In the flap system, the engine exhaust from pod-mounted engines impinges directly on conventional slotted flaps and is deflected downward to augment the wing lift. This allows aircraft with blown flaps to operate at roughly twice the lift coefficient of that of conventional jet transport aircraft. The concept was studied extensively in Langley's wind tunnels, including tests of flying models in the 30 x 60-Foot Tunnel. The flap, which is patented, has been applied to models of jet transports with both conventional and swept wings.
Flight Controls & Displays Included in the Air Force procurement specification for the C-17 was Short Takeoff and Landing (STOL) capability -- the ability to take off and land on short runways.Research aimed at this capability was conductedon flight simulators and the Augmentor Wing Research Aircraft at NASA Ames Research Center in Mountain View, California. During the development program, McDonnell Douglas conducted simulations on the Vertical Motion Simulator to develop the C-17 flight control system and head-up display. Ames performed flight demonstrations with the Quiet Short Haul Research Aircraft (QSRA) to show the Air Force and McDonnell Douglas design features of the flight control system and head-up display. The features would provide precision-approach path control and accurate landing performance for the C-17.
Results of the flight demonstration were applied to the design of the aircraft's spoiler control system and flight-path symbology on the head-up display to achieve the anticipated improvements.
Ames provided the Air Force and McDonnell Douglas with information on wind shear response and control techniques that wereinvestigated in STOL simulations. The techniques have been incorporated by the Air Force in C-17 operating procedures. Finally, Ames extensively briefed the Air Force on aerodynamic performance, stability and control, flying qualities, augmented control and displays and flight test techniques for powered lift aircraft to prepare for the C-17 flight test program.
Supercritical Wing
Like other military transports, the C-17 uses a"supercritical" wing. These are advanced airfoil designs that enhance the range, cruising speed and fuel efficiency of jet aircraft by producing weaker shock waves that create less drag and permit high efficiency. This major innovative technology was conceived through NASA Langley wind tunnel research in the 1960s. The agency researched the idea in actual flight in an F-8A at NASA Dryden and later on an F-111 aircraft.

The Winglet

In the mid-1970s, NASA Langley developed the winglet concept through wind tunnel research. Winglets are small, winglike vertical surfaces at each wing-tip of an aircraft that enable the airplane to fly with greater efficiency.

They curve flow at the wingtip to produce a forward force on the airplane, similar to the sail on a sail boat. The concept was first demonstrated in-flight on a corporate Gates Model 28 Longhorn series Learjet, and further tested on a large DC-10 aircraft as part of the NASA Aircraft EnergyEfficiency (ACEE) Program.

Winglets were installed on a KC-135A tanker on loan from the Air Force and flight tested at NASA Dryden in 1979 and 1980. Eventually, winglets were applied to the C-17.


Another NASA contribution to the C-17 was fly-by-wire flight-control technology, a lower volume, lightweight replacement for hydraulic control systems.

This developed from the F-8 digital fly-by-wire program that began at Dryden in the 1960s. In a flight research programthat began in 1972, Dryden demonstrated the feasibility of the concept, and digital fly-by-wire technology was first used on a production aircraft. the F-18 in 1978. Since then it has been incorporated into many other aircraft, including the C-17.

Engine Research

NASA Lewis and the Energy Efficient Engine Program contributed technologies to the F117-PW-100 (PW2037) engines on the C-17. These technologies led to improved performance and efficiencies of the fan, compressor and turbine components and overall superior fuel consumption for this engine.

Composite Materials

NASA Langley played a major role in developing composites technology incorporated on components of the C-17 design. Sixteen-thousand pounds of composite materials have been applied to the aircraft. Several of the major control surface and secondary structural components of the C-17 are made of composites.The most direct contribution to C-17 applications was the development of the DC-10 graphite-epoxy upper aft rudders. These rudders have accumulated more than 500,000 flight hours since they were introduced into regular airline service in 1976. The high-time rudder alone has flown for 75,000 hours. The control surfaces of the C-17 follow the same multi-rib configuration as the DC-10 rudders.

National Recognition

McDonnell Douglas was recognized for the innovative nature and soundness of the C-17 design when it received the Collier Trophy for 1994, U.S. aviation's greatest annual achievement award.

Northrop Developing Laser Missile Jammer For F-35

Source: Aviation Week

Northrop Grumman has begun company-funded development of a Directed Infrared Countermeasures (Dircm) system for fast jets, anticipating a requirement to protect the Lockheed Martin F-35 Joint Strike Fighter from heat-seeking air-to-air and surface-to-air missiles.
Northrop plans to begin testing a prototype of the Threat Nullification Defensive Resource (ThNDR) system in its system-integration laboratory by year’s end, Jeff Palombo, senior vice president and general manager of Northrop’s land and self-protection systems division. revealed at a briefing in Washington Sept. 12.

Read More:

Indonesia receive first Two KAI T-50i trainer jets

Indonesia received its first two Korea Aerospace Industries (KAI) T-50i Golden Eagle advanced jet trainer aircrafts on Sept 11, according to a report by official Indonesian news agency Antara.

In 2011, KAI contracted 16 aircraft for export to Indonesia (worth of $400M) and have been developing the T-50i based on the latest T-50 family version to comply with the requirement of the Indonesian Air Force.The delivery of the T-50i will be completed in first half of 2014.

KAI announced on June 28th that the T-50i (Indonesia version of T-50) has acquired the military type certificate through the Republic of Korea Government airworthiness authority committee chaired by the Defense Acquisition Program Administration (DAPA).

The military type certificate awarded to the T-50i through DAPA bureau of analysis and evaluation, MACA (Military Airworthiness Certification Authority) indicates that the Republic of Korea Government confirms the airworthy design of the aircraft.

The T-50i military type certification will prove to be a positive reinforcement to exports in Philippines, Iraq, Chile, and other countries.

Saturday, September 14, 2013

LONGBOW FCR's For South Korean Apache

The LONGBOW Company, a joint venture of Lockheed Martin and Northrop Grumman, has received a $51 million foreign military sales contract to provide the South Korea with LONGBOW Fire Control Radars (FCRs) for the AH-64E Apache attack helicopter.
The contract includes six LONGBOW FCR systems, spares and in-country support. Production is scheduled through 2016, with assembly of the LONGBOW FCR performed at Lockheed Martin's Ocala and Orlando, Florida, facilities, and Northrop Grumman's Baltimore, Maryland., facility.
Since 1998, LONGBOW FCR has provided Apache aircrews with target detection, location, classification and prioritization. In all weather, over multiple terrains and through any battlefield obscurant, the radar allows automatic and rapid multitarget engagement.
The radar provides high performance with very low probability of intercept. High system reliability and two-level maintenance provide high operational availability with low support costs.
The Longbow Fire Control Radar and its weapons counterpart, the radar-guided, "fire and forget" Longbow Hellfire missile, enable the potent Apache attack helicopter to detect, classify and prioritize ground targets day or night, in poor weather and obscured conditions; then attack those targets with pinpoint accuracy from ranges that safeguard the lives of the aircrew.

Boeing Delivered USAF's Last C-17 Airlifter

LONG BEACH, California

Boeing delivered the 223rd and last U.S. Air Force C-17 Globemaster III airlifter on 12 Sept, fulfilling the production contract more than 20 years after the first delivery.
The aircraft left Boeing’s Long Beach facility to fly to its assignment at Joint Base Charleston, South.Carolina, where a ceremony marked its arrival.
The US Air Force was the C-17's launch customer.
A ceremony was held on stage with the C-17 P-223 in the backdrop for all to see, while Air Force leaders thanked the Boeing employees, who worked on the U.S. Air Force C-17's for the past 20 years, for all their hard work.
As the C-17 took off and Lt. Gen. James Jackson, Air Force Reserve Command commander, performed a fly-over Boeing, employees could be seen waving American Flags in the air cheering the Air Force on.
"I had never flown a C-17 before, but after going through the simulators and getting hands on instructions from experienced C-17 pilots I felt confident taking off and flying the Globemaster high into the sky," said Jackson.
Jackson is a former F-4 Phantom and F-16 Falcon fighter pilot as well as a KC-135 Stratotanker pilot.
The crew on board the C-17 was handpicked and included a general officer, pilot, loadmaster and crew chief from active-duty, reserve and guard components.
Since the aircraft's first flight Sept. 15, 1991, it has been the world's only strategic airlifter with tactical capabilities that allow it to fly between continents, land on short, austere runways, and airdrop supplies precisely where they are needed.
The first squadron of C-17s, the 17th Airlift Squadron, was declared operationally ready Jan. 17, 1995. The Air Force originally programmed to buy 120 C-17s.Current budget plans increased the total number to 223 aircraft.

"Thank you for delivering to our nation combat airlift – that is the definition of the C-17 – the most versatile, most capable, most ready airlifter ever built," said U.S. Air Force Gen. Paul Selva, commander, Air Mobility Command. "What you have done with this aircraft speaks volumes about your character."
Boeing continues to produce C-17s for other customers around the world, and maintain and sustain the aircraft through the C-17 Globemaster Integrated Sustainment Program.
C-17s have been involved in contingency operations of all types, including flying troops and equipment to Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan and to Operation Iraqi Freedom. The airlifter also has been used in humanitarian missions around the world, including the Japanese and Indian Ocean tsunamis of 2011 and 2004, respectively; Hurricane Katrina in 2005; and the Haitian earthquake of 2010.
"C-17s are the workhorse for the U.S. Air Force in wartime and in peace," said Chris Chadwick, Boeing Military Aircraft president. "So while this is the last new C-17 to be added to the Air Force fleet, the mission does not stop here. The C-17 delivers hope and saves lives, and with the Air Force in the pilot's seat, it will continue to do so well into the future."
The C-17 holds 33 world records – more than any other airlifter in history – including payload-to-altitude, time-to-climb and short-takeoff-and-landing marks. It has exceeded 2.6 million flight hours, playing an integral role in global strategic airlift.
The National Aeronautics Association in 1994 awarded the C-17 its Collier Trophy, recognizing the aircraft as the top aeronautical achievement of that year.
"C-17 is the product of our dedicated workforce and more than 20 years of teamwork with our suppliers and the U.S. Air Force," said Nan Bouchard, Boeing vice president and C-17 program manager. "Every employee here is proud to build this amazing aircraft. We are continuing the legacy by building C-17s for our partner nations, and we will continue to work with the U.S. Air Force to ensure their aircraft deliver top performance into the future."
In addition to the 223 C-17s delivered to the U.S. Air Force, 34 are operated by Australia, Canada, India, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom and the 12-member Strategic Airlift Capability initiative of NATO and Partnership for Peace nations.
The C-17 measures 174 feet long (53 meters) with a wingspan of 169 feet, 10 inches (51.75 meters). The aircraft is powered by four, fully reversible, Federal Aviation Administration-certified F117-PW-100 engines (the military designation for the commercial Pratt & Whitney PW2040), currently used on the Boeing 757. Each engine is rated at 40,440 pounds of thrust. The thrust reversers direct the flow of air upward and forward to avoid ingestion of dust and debris.
The aircraft is operated by a crew of three (pilot, co-pilot and loadmaster), reducing manpower requirements, risk exposure and long-term operating costs. Cargo is loaded onto the C-17 through a large aft door that accommodates military vehicles and palletized cargo. The C-17 can carry virtually all of the Army's air-transportable equipment.
Maximum payload capacity of the C-17 is 170,900 pounds (77,519 kilograms), and its maximum gross takeoff weight is 585,000 pounds (265,352 kilograms). With a payload of 169,000 pounds (76,657 kilograms) and an initial cruise altitude of 28,000 feet (8,534 meters), the C-17 has an unrefueled range of approximately 2,400 nautical miles. Its cruise speed is approximately 450 knots (.74 Mach). The C-17 is designed to airdrop 102 paratroopers and equipment.

British Components In F-35 Fighter

Over the next 40 years, British industry will continue to play a vital role in the F-35’s global production, follow-on development and sustainment. Together, they will produce 15 percent of each one of the more than 3,100 F-35s planned for the global fleet, with over 500 suppliers across the U.K. already contributing to the production of the F-35.

Major British Components in F-35:

¤BAE Systems designed and manufactures the aft fuselage, horizontal tails and vertical tails for the F-35.
¤Cobham designed and manufactures the refueling probe for the F-35B short takeoff/vertical landing (STOVL) and the F-35C carrier variant (CV).
¤EDM produces components for the weapons load trainer system and the ejection seat maintenance trainer for the F-35.
¤GE Aviation produces the electrical power management system, the remote input/output unit, standby flight display, and the backshop battery charger for the F-35.
¤Honeywell developed and produces the F-35’s power thermal management system. Additionally, Honeywell is a provider of the F-35’s life support system.
¤Martin-Baker designed and manufactures the F-35 ejection seat.
¤MBDA produces the Advanced Short Range Air-to-Air Missile (ASRAAM), which can be installed within the weapons bay and on external wing stations of the aircraft. MBDA is also working with Lockheed Martin and the U.K. Ministry of Defence to integrate the Meteor missile into a future upgrade of the U.K.’s F-35 fleet.
¤RE Thompson produces casings for batteries onboard the F-35.
¤Rolls-Royce provides the lift system for the F-35B STOVL, which consists of the lift fan, the three-bearing swivel module, the roll post modules and the lift fan vane box. These components are essential for STOVL operations.
¤Selex ES Ltd designed and builds the lasers that are the key component for the Electro Optical Targeting System.
¤Survitec Group provides all pilot flight equipment for every F-35 pilot around the world.
¤Ultra Electronics produces suspension release equipment for the F-35.
¤UTC Aerospace Systems produces the weapons bay door drive system, utilities actuation and uplock components for the F-35.

Wednesday, September 11, 2013

EASA Certifies Higher Efficiency And Thrust Trent 1000 Engine

European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) has certified Rolls-Royce's higher efficiency and thrust "package C" variant of the Trent 1000 jet engine that will power the Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner aircraft.
The type certification, from the EASA, comes as Rolls-Royce prepares to power the first test flight of the Boeing 787-9.
The engine, certified to 74,000lb take-off thrust, will power the first Boeing 787-9 to enter service with Air New Zealand in 2014 and will also power the 787-8.
A further upgrade to the engine, the Trent 1000-TEN (Thrust, Efficiency and New technology) will enter service in 2016. The engine will be certified to 78,000lb thrust and capable of powering all variants of the Boeing 787, including the recently launched 787-10.
The Trent 1000 is already the quietest and most efficient engine option for the Boeing 787 Dreamliner. The engine, the first to power the 787 into service in 2011, has delivered a dispatch reliability of better than 99.9% - a record for a wide body aircraft engine.

Tuesday, September 10, 2013

Anti-Ship LRASM Missile Prototype Successfully Conducts First Solo Test Flight

Lockheed Martin, US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) successfully launched its first prototype of the autonomous Long Range Anti-Ship Missile (LRASM) on August 27. DARPA designed the free-flight transition test (FFTT) demonstration to verify the prototype’s flight characteristics and assess subsystem and sensor performance. Designed to launch from both ships and planes such as the B-1 bomber (top picture), the test vehicle detected, engaged and hit an unmanned 260-foot Mobile Ship Target (MST) with an inert warhead (bottom picture). A black circle indicates where the missile hit and punched straight through the target.
Lockheed Martin is executing a LRASM contract, funded by DARPA and the U.S. Navy, to demonstrate tactically-relevant prototypes of a next generation anti-surface warfare weapon that can be either air or surface launched. The long range capability of LRASM will enable target engagement from well outside the range of direct counter-fire weapons. LRASM will also employ active and passive survivability features to penetrate advanced integrated air defense systems. The combination of range, survivability, and lethality ensures mission success.
LRASM technology will reduce dependence on ISR platforms, network links, and GPS navigation in aggressive electronic warfare environments. This autonomous capability means the weapon can use gross target cueing data to find and destroy its target in denied environments.
LRASM is an autonomous, precision-guided anti-ship standoff missile leveraging off of the successful JASSM-ER heritage, and is designed to meet the needs of U.S. Navy and Air Force warfighters. Armed with a penetrator and blast fragmentation warhead, LRASM cruises autonomously, day or night in all weather conditions. The missile employs a multi-modal sensor suite, weapon data link, and enhanced digital anti-jam Global Positioning System to detect and destroy specific targets within a group of numerous ships at sea.
Armed with a proven penetrator and blast-fragmentation warhead, LRASM cruises autonomously, day or night, in all weather conditions. The missile employs a multi-modal sensor, weapon data link, and an enhanced digital anti-jam Global Positioning System to detect and destroy specific targets within a group of ships.

Monday, September 9, 2013

Eurofighter Fleet Cross 200000 Flight Hours

​Eurofighter Typhoon has clocked more than 200,000 flying hours since the entry-into-service of its worldwide fleet. Eurofighter Jagdflugzeug GmbH confirmed the milestone.

Sunday, September 8, 2013

Airbus Military A400 Successfully Completes Unpaved Runway Trials

Airbus Military has completed an important set of trials of the A400M new generation airlifter, demonstrating the aircraft’s excellent performance on gravel runways.

In tests lasting more than a week at Ablitas in northern Spain, development aircraft MSN2 performed 25 landings during six flights on the same runway.

The trials confirmed that despite the harsh conditions, damage to the aircraft exterior from stones and dust was minimal and within expectations, and the runway remained usable after repeated operations.

Demonstrations included ground manoeuvring, rejected take-offs, and use of propeller reverse thrust at speeds as low as 70kt (130 km/h) – none of which caused engine or cockpit contamination.

Tests were successfully performed with and without the optional nose wheel deflector which can be fitted to protect the aircraft during such operations, underlying the A400M’s ability to operate to and from rough strips close to the scene of military or humanitarian action in addition to its strategic capability.

Head of A400M Flight Tests, Eric Isorce, said: “We are extremely pleased with the results of these tests which were very close to all predictions and confirm the A400M´s capability to operate successfully from gravel runways.”

A full analysis of the results is now underway by Airbus Military and OCCAR.

Lockheed Martin Atlas V To Launch Mexico’s Morelos-3 Communications Satellite

Lockheed Martin Commercial Launch Services (LMCLS), a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Lockheed Martin Corporation, has been selected by the Secretaria de Comunicaciones y Transportes, a government agency of Mexico, to provide commercial launch services using the Atlas V launch vehicle for Mexico’s Morelos-3 communications satellite (also known as MEXSAT-2). The launch is scheduled to occur as early as 2015 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida.
Morelos-3 will be the third of three communications satellites that comprise the MEXSAT communications satellite system. MEXSAT is a constellation of satellites owned by Secretaria de Comunicaciones y Transportes and operated by Telecomunicaciones de Mexico that delivers advanced telecommunications throughout Mexico.
The MEXSAT program provides communications to rural zones as a complement to other networks and will also provide secure communications for Mexico’s national security needs. Satellite services include education and health programs, voice, data, video, and internet services.
Lockheed Martin Commercial Launch Services, a business unit of Lockheed Martin Corporation, markets the Atlas V to commercial satellite customers worldwide and also offers Athena launch services for small satellites and multi-payload RideShare missions. LMCLS is responsible for contracts, marketing, sales and mission management for commercial and international government Atlas missions and all Athena missions. Under sub contract to LMCLS, United Launch Alliance provides Atlas launch vehicles and launch support services.
Secretaria de Comunicaciones y Transportes is a Mexican government agency with a primary objective to promote secure, efficient, and competent transport and communications systems through the design of strategies that foster economic growth and development.
Telecomunicaciones de México is a decentralized government agency with 150 years’ experience in providing communications services in Mexico, and operated the Morelos and Solidaridad satellite systems in the 1980s and 1990s.

Bell Boeing V-22 Osprey Tiltrotor Debuts As Aerial Refueling Tanker

An F/A-18C Hornet flies just behind and to the side of a Bell Boeing V-22 equipped with a prototype aerial refueling system during a demonstration flight in late Aug.                             Photo credit: Bell Boeing photo
The Bell Boeing V-22 Program, a strategic alliance between Bell Helicopter and Boeing, has successfully completed an initial test of the V-22 Osprey performing as an aerial refueling tanker. Adding this capability to the tiltrotor aircraft would further advance its versatility in combat, humanitarian and ship-based operations.
In the August demonstration over north Texas, a V-22 equipped with a prototype aerial refueling system safely deployed, held stable, and retracted the refueling drogue as an F/A-18C and an F/A-18D Hornet flew just behind and to the side of the aircraft.
“Adding aerial refueling tanker capability to the V-22 will enable operators to execute a wider variety of missions with greater flexibility and autonomy,” said Vince Tobin, Bell Boeing V-22 program director. “This will save time and money by maximizing the efficient use of aircraft and personnel.”
Future Bell Boeing tests will put aircraft in a fuel-receiving position directly behind the V-22, connect receiver aircraft with the refueling drogue and, ultimately, refuel a variety of aircraft in flight. The V-22 is a combat-proven tiltrotor that can fly horizontally at high speeds and high altitudes like an airplane, and take off and land vertically like a helicopter.

Thursday, September 5, 2013

US Air Force, Boeing Finalize KC-46A Tanker Design

U.S. Air Force and Boeing have validated the final design elements of the KC-46A Tanker and concluded that the proposed design embodies and can meet Air Force requirements, clearing the way for production and testing of the next-generation aerial refueling tanker.
Following months of component and subsystem reviews, the Air Force and Boeing held a KC-46A Weapon System Critical Design Review July 8-10.
Next June, Boeing will begin installation of military-unique systems on the aircraft at Boeing Field in Seattle as well as testing.
Boeing will now proceed with integration, verification, and production of four engineering and manufacturing development aircraft to support flight testing, scheduled to begin in mid-2014. The first test aircraft is expected to roll out of the factory in January 2014, while the second is scheduled to leave the factory in March. First flight for the fully provisioned tanker is scheduled for early 2015, with first delivery in 2016.
The KC‑46A is based on the commercial Boeing 767-200ER , a proven airframe in service worldwide as an airliner, freighter and tanker. The company has delivered more than 1,050 767s.
"The KC-46A's design is all about giving the warfighter an edge," said Maureen Dougherty, Boeing vice presidentand KC-46 program manager. "The aircraft’s powerful, multi-role capabilities and high reliability will mean greater effectiveness and availability to meet more mission requirements."
Boeing began assembling the wing for the first tanker aircraft on June 26.
US Air Force contracted with Boeing in February 2011 to acquire 179 KC-46 refueling tankers to begin recapitalizing the more than 50-year old KC-135 fleet. Production will ramp up to deliver 179 tankers by 2028. By 2017, Boeing is to build four test aircraft and deliver 18 combat-ready tankers.

Wednesday, September 4, 2013

Joint NAVAIR, NASA, FAA and US Army Team Conducts Helicopter Crash Test

Engineers from the Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Division, collaborating with NASA, the Federal Aviation Administration, the U.S. Army and industry partners, conducted a simulated helicopter crash here Aug. 28, with the hope of developing safer aircraft in the future.
Using 13 dummies and two manikins simulating crew and passengers, information was collected from onboard computers with 350 channels of data and from 40 cameras located inside and outside a retired CH-46 Sea Knight helicopter, once used as a medium-lift rotorcraft for the U.S. Marine Corps.
The Transport Rotorcraft Airframe Crash Testbed full-scale crash test program was conducted at NASA Langley's Landing and Impact Research (LandIR) Facility.
LandIR, a 240-foot high, 400-foot long gantry, has an almost 50-year history. It started out as the Lunar Landing Research Facility, where Neil Armstrong and other astronauts learned to land on the moon. Then it became a crash test facility where engineers could simulate aircraft accidents. And recently it added a big pool where NASA is testing Orion space capsule mock-ups in anticipation of water landings.
Accelerometers, instruments used to measure speed and motion, recorded the effect of the crash on the dummies.
The helicopter was dropped by cable off a metal super-structure from a height of 31 feet, hitting a bed of soil on the ground at 30 mph. The combined vertical and horizontal impact simulated a realistically severe, but survivable condition for both civilian and military helicopter occupants.
“While we have increased the crash standards for military helicopters, we now fly faster and crash harder as a result of higher performance aircraft design,” said Lindley Bark, Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR) crash safety engineer and lead NAVAIR engineer for the test. “The results of this test will be studied and applied to the Navy’s next generation of rotorcraft.”
Several seat designs were tested representing standard troop benches to modern civilian aircraft passenger seats. Crash dummies were also used to test different types of restraints, from lap belts to the new pretensioning aircrew restraint systems. Engineers are particularly interested in how the seats and restraints will work with composite material helicopter designs, officials said.
“I think it's the most ambitious test we've done in terms of the instrumentation and in terms of the video coverage we have on board," said Martin Annett, NASA-Langley's lead engineer for the test. “The data from the instrumentation on the crash dummies recorded reaction before, during and after the impact.”
The CH-46 Sea Knight was one of two helicopters transferred to NASA from NAVAIR’s Specialized and Proven Aircraft Program office (PMA-226) for testing.
The Navy provided the CH-46 Sea Knight helicopter fuselages, seats, a number of crash test dummies and other experiments for the test. The Army contributed a crash test dummy that is lying down similar to a patient on a medical evacuation litter. The FAA provided a side facing specialized crash test dummy and part of the data acquisition system. A private company, CONAX Florida Corporation DBA Cobham Life Support in St. Petersburg, Fla., also contributed an active restraint system for the cockpit.
NASA will use the results of both tests to try to improve rotorcraft performance and efficiency, in part by assessing the reliability of high performance, lightweight composite materials. Researchers also want to increase industry knowledge and create more complete computer models that can be used to design better helicopters.
The ultimate goal of NASA rotary wing research is to help make helicopters and other vertical take off and landing vehicles more serviceable – able to carry more passengers and cargo – quicker, quieter, safer and greener. Improved designs might allow helicopters to be used more extensively in the airspace system.
Another crash test of a similar helicopter equipped with additional technology, including composite airframe retrofits, is planned for next year. Both tests are part of the NASA Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate's Fundamental Aeronautics Program Rotary Wing Project.

Honeywell’s TPE331-12UAN Turboprop Engines For Russian Antonov An-2’s

Honeywell Aerospace has been selected by Russia’s Siberian Aeronautical Research Institute (SibNIA) to supply an expected 300 TPE331-12UAN turboprop engines as part of a major upgrade offering for Russia’s Antonov An-2 fleets, with an option for additional orders.
Starting in late 2013, Honeywell will supply the engines and after market support to improve the operational capabilities and efficiency of the An-2.
Honeywell’s TPE331-12UAN engine is a derivative of the proven TPE331-12UHR that powers the Jetstream 32 and Metro 23, and will provide 1,100 takeoff shaft horsepower (SHP) for the An-2.
SibNIA selected the engine because of its performance, fuel efficiency, proven reliability and demonstrated ability to support operations in remote and challenging environments.
The An-2 is a versatile utility biplane with unique capabilities including remarkable short takeoff and landing performance, low-speed handling, large payload capacity and the ability to operate out of unprepared fields.
SibNIA’s overhaul of the An-2 will bring someof the industry’s latest engineering to the platform and comes at a time when the Russian government is increasing its focus on aerospace and, in particular, aviation infrastructure in remote areas. Government and private operators upgrading their An-2 fleets with SibNIA will benefit from the TPE331’s versatile and robust design to complete a wide range of missions including local air transport, firefighting, aerial spraying, medevac and training.
Honeywell and SibNIA are also considering additional opportunities for future collaboration on the An-2 program. These could include avionics, with both manufacturers exploring concepts for upgrading the An-2 cockpit using the extensive capabilities of Honeywell’s avionics product line, as well as the potential for localized production of the TPE331-12UAN. SibNIA will be the focal point for TPE331 engine support in Russia for the An-2, building gradually from line maintenance to overhaul as dictated by aircraft fleet utilization and operational needs.
TPE331 benefits include:
• Lower weight and compact installation to reduce fuel burn
• Fastest turboprop response rate in the industry
• Proven in utility operations in diverse environments
• Extended maintenance scheduling and proven reliability ideal for remote operations
• Operates on most common jet fuels including TS1, approved for this program
Since its market introduction in the 1960s, Honeywell’s TPE331 has been at the forefront of turboprop propulsion, and includes 18 models and more than 100 configurations across the product family.