Thursday, November 28, 2013
|C-27J Spartan. Photo by Tech Sgt. Erin McNamara ©Alenia Aermacchi|
Italian Alenia Aermacchi, has won contract to supply the Peruvian Ministry of Defense with 2 C-27J Spartan tactical airlifters valued around 100 million euro inclusive of a substantial logistic support package for the two aircraft.
The C-27J outclassed the strong competition from the Airbus Military C295 airlifter
The C-27J selection process held by the Peruvian MoD was meticulous and lasted almost 3 years. The requirement asked for an aircraft able to operate in total safety in the most difficult conditions as those found over the Andes.
During the operational evaluation run in Peru, the C-27J demonstrated its capability to perform a variety of missions including transport of civilians, troops, materials and medicines, logistical re-supply, MEDEVAC, airdrop operations, search and rescue (SAR), humanitarian assistance and operations in support of homeland security and Civil Protection, with the capability to operate on a large number of airfields where its competitor is unable to land.
The Spartan has already been ordered by the air forces of: Italy, Greece, Bulgaria, Lithuania, Romania, Morocco, Mexico, United States, Australia and by an undisclosed African country for a total of 74 aircraft. The aircraft has also been selected by Slovakia and the contract is under negotiation.
Airbus Military retired its first A400M airlifter prototype nearly four years after its maiden flight.
The development aircraft MSN1 – known as Grizzly 1 – made its final flight from Toulouse, France on 4 November, manned by exactly the same crew that first took it airborne from Seville on 11 December 2009. The aircraft will be now put for public display.
The flight crew included, Experimental Test Pilot Nacho Lombo, Chief Test Pilot Military Ed Strongman, Test Flight Engineer Gerard Leskerpit, Head of A400M Flight Test Eric Isorce, Senior Flight Test Engineer Didier Ronceray, and Senior Flight Test Engineer Jean-Philippe Cottet.
In addition, the third prototype- MSN3 has been placed in long-term storage in flyable condition. Airbus said it could be returned to flight-test duties if required.
The first three aircraft were produced for the core certification programme, requiring extensive test instrumentation for measuring and recording aircraft and systems performance. As that activity winds down, only one of those aircraft – MSN2 – which is fitted with the optimum instrumentation for the remaining work, is now required.
In addition, MSN4 and MSN6 (Grizzly 4 and 5 respectively) will continue to support the flight test activities, now concentrated on the further development of military capabilities, with their specific flight test instrumentation.
MSN1 ultimately flew for 1,448hr 25min in 475 flights and its final mission was a one hour sortie to validate procedures for landing with the ramp and door failed in the open position.
Discussions on its final display site are underway, led by the Airbus Heritage Department, and will lead to a decision next year.
After the flight, Chief Test Pilot Military, Ed Strongman, who commanded the first and last flights, said: “MSN1 has had a relatively short but very arduous life, and it has taken us to the extreme parts of the flight envelope where, I hope, most other A400Ms will not go.
“It has done superb service for Airbus Military and the customers who will benefit from everything that we have learned. It was a great honour for this crew to fly it first on that historic day in 2009, and it is only fitting that the same crew should say good bye to their old friend – Grizzly 1 – today. We trust it will have many more years of productive service, educating the aviation public and inspiring a new generation to seek careers in aerospace.”
The A400M was launched in 2003 to respond to the combined needs of seven European Nations regrouped within OCCAR (Belgium, France, Germany, Luxemburg, Spain, Turkey and the UK), with Malaysia joining in 2005.
Wednesday, November 27, 2013
by Captain PVS Satish
Commander Indian Navy
At the time of attaining our Independence our visionary leaders saw the centrality of a powerful Navy and set us on the right course by envisaging an Indian Navy centred on aircraft carriers for sea control in our expansive areas of maritime interest. INS Vikrant, India’s first aircraft carrier was acquired from Great Britain and commissioned on 04 Mar 1961. INS Vikrant was a Majestic class CATOBAR (Catapult Assisted Take Off but Arrested Recovery) carrier and operated Sea Hawk fighters, Alize (Anti-Submarine Warfare) aircraft and Seaking helicopters. Consistent with its vision, India next acquired HMS Hermes, a Centaur class STOVL carrier and a veteran of the Falkland War. INS Viraat was commissioned on 12 May 1987 as India’s second aircraft carrier and India’s first STOVL carrier operating the Sea Harrier aircraft. Soon after the acquisition of INS Viraat, INS Vikrant was also converted from a CATOBAR carrier to a STOVL (Short Take-off and Vertical Landing) carrier. INS Vikrant was decommissioned on 31 Jan 1997, after 36 years of glorious service under the Indian ensign. For almost a decade India had two aircraft carriers and the Indian Navy was fully cognisant of the criticality of having an aircraft carrier available for deployment on each seaboard to fulfil the Navy’s assigned tasks. In recognition of the importance of aircraft carriers, the Indian Navy had already started exploring the possibility of indigenously designing and constructing an Aircraft Carrier, this project took off in right earnest in the late 90s as the Air Defence Ship was conceived. However, given the long gestation period of such projects, the search for a replacement for INS Vikrant gained momentum as its decommissioning drew closer.
It was at this juncture that Russia offered Admiral Gorshkov to the Indian Navy. Negotiations over acquiring the 44,500 ton Admiral Gorshkov started in 1994. Various high level delegations who had assessed the ship had independently concluded that the ship’s hull was in good material state and would be worth considering for exploitation in the Indian Navy with a suitable mix of aircraft.
Signing of the Contract
After detailed negotiations the two countries signed a memorandum of understanding in Dec 1998 during a visit by Russian PM Yevgeny Primakov. The Inter-Governmental Agreement which included acquisition of Project 11430 (Admiral Gorshkov) was signed between the Federation of Russia and the Union Government of India on 04 Oct 2000. After a Detailed Project Development Review, contractual negotiations and thereafter price negotiations, Government approved the acquisition on 17 Jan 04 at a cost of Rs 4881.67 Cr for the complete package of R&R of the ship, spares, infrastructure augmentation and documentation. The deal was signed on 20 Jan 04 and the effective date of the contract was established as 24 Feb 04. The R&R of the ship commenced from 09 Apr 04.
The repair and refit was being undertaken by FSUE Sevmash, the state owned shipyard at Severodvinsk, Russia. The R&R was scheduled to have been completed within 52 months. Though the refurbishment process was started in right earnest, soon it was realized that the work and equipment requiring replacement was significantly higher than originally estimated. Entire length of cable, large portions of steel hull, motors, turbines and boilers, etc. would have to be completely replaced with resulting in cost escalation and time slippage.
A protracted renegotiation for arriving at a mutually acceptable price for refurbishment was held in the ensuing months. Finally, in Dec 2009, the Indian and the Russian sides arrived at an agreement on the final price of delivery of this ship. More significantly, it was agreed that the delivery of the ship would take place only in the year 2012. Though the re-negotiated price was significantly higher than what was originally agreed upon, the fillip that the addition of Gorshkov would give to the Blue water requirements of Indian Navy compensated the greater price.
The Journey of Admiral Gorshkov (nee Baku)
The journey of ‘Vikramaditya’ began as the Kiev class aircraft carrying cruiser ‘Baku’. Developed from the Moskva class helicopter carrying guided missile cruisers the Kiev class was a pioneering Soviet era design, featuring a flight deck arrangement capable of operating fixed wing VTOL fighters for the first time in the Soviet Navy. Baku was constructed by Chernomorsky Ship Building Enterprise, Nikolayev (now in Ukraine). About 400 enterprises and nearly 1,500 - 2,000 workers from different republics of USSR took part in building of the ship. The ship was commissioned on 20 Dec 1987. Conceived as an armed cruiser, Baku was heavily armed with twelve Anti-Ship Missile launchers, ten gun mounts of differing calibre and rocket launchers and depth charges. The air element comprised Yak-38 aircraft.
‘Baku’ was envisioned to be a full-fledged aircraft carrier by Admiral SG Gorshkov, however, due to conflicting dynamics at that time, the ship turned out as the last ‘compromise’ ship of the Kiev series. After her development and construction, it became clear to the Soviet leadership that the vision of Admiral Gorshkov of a classical aircraft carrier with ship borne aircraft as the primary weapons was indeed the most logical way ahead to develop the surface forces. On 07 Nov 1990, the ship was named after Admiral Sergey Georgiyevich Gorshkov.
Baku/Admiral Gorshkov began its active operational service with the Northern Fleet and was deployed in the Mediterranean Sea and remained in active service till 1992 and thereafter continued in service albeit with limited operational deployments. The ship was finally decommissioned in 1996.
The Transformation Project 11430
Admiral Gorshkov was put in hibernation after her last sailing in 1995. With most of her equipment lying un-utilised since then, the task of breathing life and converting her from a VTOL (Vertical Takeoff and Landing) missile cruiser carrier to a STOBAR aircraft carrier involved substantial degutting, equipment removal, refit and re-equipping. The major works envisaged were modification of flight deck to include ski-jump and arrester gear; modification of bulbous bow, aft aircraft lift & ammunition lifts; modification of 1750 out of 2500 compartments; installation of new main boilers; installation of new and additional Diesel Generators; replacement of existing distilling plants; fitment of Reverse Osmosis plants, new AC plants and Refrigeration plants and installation of new sensors and equipment. In 2007, as the refit and repair of the ship was in progress, the yard realized that the scope of work was much larger than initially estimated and so a revised timeline for completion of the task of modernization was agreed upon by both Russian and Indian sides. With a revised timeline the delivery of ship was expected by end 2012.
A Peek at the Scope of Work
Creation of Ski Jump
Creation of the flight deck with structural modification to convert the VTOL carrier to a STOBAR carrier was the most intricate and arduous. The task involved installation of Sponsons to increase the breadth at the Flight Deck and a fitment of a new 14 degree Ski jump, strengthening of arresting gear area, strengthening of run way area and elongation of the aft end to generate the required length of landing strip aft of the arresting gear. In all 234 new hull sections were installed to achieve the desired shape. Total steel work for carrying out structural modification on flight deck amounted to 2500T.
Modification of Super structure
The superstructure was modified to accommodate a host of sensors and equipment such as radars, Electronic Warfare suite and Action Information Organisation system and other systems to suit the requirements of ship borne fighters and rotors. A very unique structural modification that was carried out on board the ship was the installation of the aft mast for accommodating various communication antennae.
Vikramaditya in its older avatar was powered by boilers fuelled by heavy oil, FFO. The re-equipping included replacement of these old boilers with state of the art boilers utilizing LSHSD and providing a steam capacity of 100 Tonnes per Hour each.
The initial estimate included replacement of only 1400 kms of old cable with new cables. However, as degutting progressed and confined spaces were accessed it was realised that an additional 900 kms of cable will need to be replaced. Finally the mammoth task involved replacing 2300 kms of cable, which is a little short of half of the entire coastline of India.
The modification plan of Vikramaditya was not restricted to the gears and sparks alone. The change also necessitated revamp of the living spaces and galleys to cater to the needs of the Indian men in uniform. Of 2500 a total of 1750 compartments were completely re-fabricated. A host of new galley equipment suited for preparation of Indian food like dosas and chapatis was also installed.
Arrestor and Restraining Gears
The conversion of VTOL carrier to STOBAR involved fitment of three 30m wide arrester gears and three restraining gears. Installation of these equipment not only involved modification and strengthening of the flight deck but also changes to internal layout of compartments.
To sum it up, a total of 234 new hull sections were fabricated using 2500 tonnes of steel which is almost equivalent to the standard displacement of a mid-size frigate. Repair and re-equipping of Vikramaditya to give a new lease of life as a full- fledged carrier was no mean task and was probably as demanding a task as constructing a similar tonnage ship from the drawing board. The task was enabled by the expertise and experience of the Russian designers and yard workers working hand in glove with Indian experts. The extreme cold weather conditions of winter only made the work environment harder. At the end of this refit, spanning a little short of a decade, Vikramaditya has metamorphosed into a fully capable and potent platform.
Rise of the Phoenix …
Vikramaditya sailed for the first time under own power at 1200 hrs on 10 Jun 12, after a gap of about 17 years.
The New Avtar ‘Vikramaditya’
An aircraft carrier carrying potent long range multi-role fighters is a platform inherently deigned for power projection. In as much as ‘Gorshkov’ was transformed to create ‘Vikramaditya’, so also Vikramaditya will transform the face of the Fleet Air Arm of the Indian Navy.
Vikramaditya, the floating airfield has an overall length of about 284 meters and a maximum beam of about 60 meters, stretching as much as three football fields put together. Standing about 20 storeys tall from keel to the highest point, the sheer sight of this 44,500 tonnes mega structure of steel is awe inspiring. The ship has a total of 22 decks.
With over 1,600 personnel on board, Vikramaditya is literally a ‘Floating City’. Associated with this large population is a mammoth logistics requirement - nearly a lakh of eggs, 20,000 litres of milk and 16 tonnes of rice per month. With her complete stock of provisions, she is capable of sustaining herself at sea for a period of about 45 days. With a capacity of over 8,000 tonnes of LSHSD, she is capable of operations up to a range of over 7,000 nautical miles or 13000 kms.
To enable this 44,500 tonnes floating steel city to cut through the choppy seas with speeds of up to 30 knots, she is powered by 08 new generation boilers of steam capacity of 100 TPH at a very high pressure of 64 bars, generating a total output power of 180,000 SHP. Vikramaditya heralds in a new generation of boiler technology with a very high level of automation. These high pressure and highly efficient boilers power four enormous propellers, each greater in diameter than twice the height of an average male. Such a four propeller - four shaft configuration is another first in the Indian Navy.
The 06 turbo alternators and 06 diesel alternators onboard generate a total electricity of 18 megawatts to power various equipment of the ship, enough to cater to the lighting requirement of a mini city. The ship also houses 02 Reverse Osmosis plants providing an uninterrupted supply of 400 Tons per day of fresh water.
An extensive revamp of sensors including fitment of Long range Air Surveillance Radars, Advanced Electronic Warfare Suite makes the ship capable of maintaining a surveillance bubble of over 500 kms around the ship.
|Russian MIG-29K onboard Vikramaditya|
The ship has the ability to carry over 30 aircraft comprising an assortment of MiG 29K/Sea Harrier, Kamov 31, Kamov 28, Sea King, ALH-Dhruv and Chetak helicopters. The MiG 29K swing role fighter is the main offensive platform and provides a quantum jump for the Indian Navy’s maritime strike capability. These fourth generation air superiority fighters provide a significant fillip for the Indian Navy with a range of over 700 nm (extendable to over 1,900 nm with inflight refueling) and an array of weapons including anti-ship missiles, Beyond Visual Range air-to-air missiles, guided bombs and rockets.
The ship is equipped with state of the art launch and recovery systems along with aids to enable smooth and efficient operation of ship borne aircraft. Major systems include the LUNA Landing system for MiGs, DAPS Landing system for Sea Harriers and Flight deck lighting systems.
The heart of the operational network that infuses life into the combat systems onboard the ship is the Computer aided Action Information Organisation (CAIO) system, LESORUB-E. LESORUB has the capability to gather data from ship’s sensors and data links and to process, collate and assemble comprehensive tactical pictures. This state of the art system has been specifically designed keeping in mind the essential requirement on the carrier for fighter control and direction.
One of the most prominent equipment fitted on the super structure is the Resistor-E radar complex. Resistor-E is the automated system designed for providing air traffic control, approach/landing and short range navigation for ship borne aircraft. This complex along with its various sub-systems provides navigation and flight data to ship borne aircraft operating at extended ranges from the mother ship. The precision approach guidance system aids the fighters on approach to be directed down to a distance of 30 meters short of flight deck. Vikramaditya also boasts of a very modern communication complex, CCS MK II, to meet her external communication requirement. Installation of Link II tactical data system allows her to be fully integrated with the Indian Navy’s network centric operations.
Once integrated, INS Vikramaditya will bring transformational capabilities to the Indian Navy and will be a ‘game changer’.
Tuesday, November 5, 2013
The Mars Orbiter Spacecraft lifted off at 14:36 hrs IST, onboard PSLV-C25 (in its XL version), from Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR, Sriharikota.
The orbiter will remain in Earth orbit till December 1 when it starts its 300-day voyage to Mars. The probe is expected to reach Mars orbit by September 24, 2014 and go around in an elliptical orbit with a perigee 366 km and apogee of 80,000 km after traversing 400 million km.
The Mars Orbiter carries five indigenous scientific instruments — Lyman Alpha Photometer (LAP), Methane Sensor for Mars (MSM), Mars Exospheric Neutral Composition Analyser (MENCA), Mars Colour Camera (MCC) and Thermal Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (TIS).
PSLV-XL version, carries more solid fuel in its strap-on motors than the standard version, was also used to launch the ISRO's maiden moon mission Chandrayan in 2008.
Launch Vehicle Details
Monday, November 4, 2013
The first Tranche 3 Eurofighter Typhoon fighter, BS116 has successfully completed engine ground runs at BAE Systems de-tuner facility at Warton, United Kingdom.
The final Tranche 3 series jets offers additional capability in the future including e-scan radar, conformal fuel tanks and a high speed data network.
The engine ground runs were carried out in 3 distinct phases:
Involving a final check of the airframe for foreign object debris (FOD) using a wire mesh screen attached directly to the front of the engine. The engines are then started up and any FOD that has not been found in the production process, through manual and X-ray searches, is sucked towards the engine and caught on the green screen.
Carried out by the on-site Rolls Royce representative, each engine is operated individually before both are fired up together and run through the full performance range all the way up to maximum re-heat. These are the final checks and sign-off to ensure the engines meet all of the performance and design criteria.
Once the engines have been certified as fully serviceable, tests were carried out to check the environmental control system, that’s cooling for the avionic equipment and also for the pilot, the fuel system to make sure the engine receives fuel in the correct way, life support to make sure the pilot’s oxygen generation system works, the electrical power generation to ensure it’s working correctly and also the hydraulic system that supplies the flying control system.
Engine ground runs are the last stage of testing before the aircraft makes its first flight which is currently on target to take place before the year end.
Tranche 3 capability includes over 350 modified parts designed, engineered and assembled ready to incorporate the most advanced capability enhancements.
Under the Tranche 3A contract signed in 2009, a total of 112 aircraft have been ordered for the four European partner nations of Germany, Italy, Spain and the UK, with 40 aircraft bound for the Royal Air Force.
Typhoon is a multi-role combat aircraft, capable of being deployed in the full spectrum of air operations, from air policing, to peace support, through to high intensity conflict. It is powered by 2 Eurojet EJ200 turbojet engines with a thrust of 20,000lbs each.
Saturday, November 2, 2013
The twin engined aircraft dubbed the SR-72, is envisioned as an unmanned aircraft, that would fly at speeds up to Mach 6, or six times the speed of sound. At this speed, the aircraft would be so fast, an adversary would have no time to react or hide, that is hypersonics is the stealth.
“Hypersonic aircraft, coupled with hypersonic missiles, could penetrate denied airspace and strike at nearly any location across a continent in less than an hour,” said Brad Leland, Lockheed Martin program manager, Hypersonics.
“Speed is the next aviation advancement to counter emerging threats in the next several decades. The technology would be a game-changer in theater, similar to how stealth is changing the battlespace today.”
The SR-72’s design incorporates lessons learned from the Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle 2 (HTV-2), which flew to a top speed of Mach 20, or 13,000 mph, with a surface temperature of 3500°F.
SkunkWorks engineer's in partnership with the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency(DARPA), developed the rocket-launched Falcon HTV-2.
© Lockheed Martin
Lockheed proposes the SR-72 as a affordable hypersonic plane that does not have to be an expensive, distant possibility and could be operational by 2030.
For the past several years, Skunk Works® has been working with Aerojet Rocketdyne to develop a method to integrate an off-the-shelf turbine with a supersonic combustion ramjet air breathing jet engine to power the aircraft from standstill to Mach 6.
The result is the SR-72 that Aviation Week has dubbed “ son of Blackbird,” featuring integrated engine and airframe that is optimized at the system level for high performance and affordability.
Friday, November 1, 2013
A new, more powerful version of the missile-hunting Standard Missile-3 has passed from design to the testing phase, Raytheon announced during a conference in Poland on Wednesday, Oct. 30.
The new Standard Missile-3 Block IIA, developed in cooperation with Japanese Mitsubishi, features a larger kinetic warhead and bigger rocket motors that allow it to defend broader areas from ballistic missile threats. The SM-3 Block IIA is also the centerpiece of the European missile defense system.
The Critical Design Review verified that the missile’s design will meet the stringent performance requirements necessary to defeat threats and keep the program on track for 2015 flight testing.
This announcement followed the recent 26th successful intercept of another variant, the SM-3 IB, in early in October.
The Standard Missile-3 Block IIA will be deployable on land as well as at sea. It will have two distinct new features: larger second and third stage rocket motors and a different version of the kinetic warhead, which destroys threats by slamming into them.
The announcement was made on the sidelines of the 2013 AIAA Multinational Ballistic Missile Defense Conference in Warsaw. More than 300 participants from 20 nations gathered at the conference to discuss the increased role of missile defense on a global scale.
Potentially, ships using either SMART-L radars or the Aegis system could carry SM-3, Kremer said.
Beyond the current cooperative development agreement between the U.S. and Japan for SM-3 Block IIA, other navies have expressed interest in the interceptor, including the Netherlands, Germany, Spain and Denmark.
To date, more than 155 SM-3s have been delivered to the U.S. and Japanese navies.
Starting from their Entry Into Service on September 18, 2013, the first two Sukhoi Superjet 100 aircraft operated by the Mexican airline Interjet have confirmed outstanding results in terms of operations.
In the first 4 weeks of operations both aircraft (MSN 95023 and MSN 95024) have operated with an average daily utilization of 9.74 block hours and a dispatch reliability of 99.03%.
According to the airline’s operational reliability report, to date the two Interjet SSJ100 have completed almost 600 flight hours and over 580 flight cycles during their commercial operations. The aircraft registered 7 delays with an average delay time of 23 minutes in the first month of operations. Both aircraft are operating from Mexico City to various Mexican destinations: Torreon, Aguascalientes, Campeche, Minatitlan, Zacatecas, Mazatlan.
The longest flight performed is Mazatlan-Mexico City (1H 43’), while the shortest one is Mexico City- Aguascalientes (0 H 42’). The maximum utilization in a day was over 11 flight hours.
Interjet is the first Western airline operating the SSJ100 aircraft. The third aircraft (MSN 95028) is expected to be delivered shortly from SuperJet International’s hangar in Venice (Italy).
The Sukhoi Superjet 100, designed and produced by Sukhoi Civil Aircraft Company, in partnership with Alenia Aermacchi, incorporates the most modern Western systems technology and is powered by two PowerJet SaM146 turbofan engines. As of today 20 SSJ100 aircraft have been delivered to different customers.
The investigation determined the mishap was due to the pilot’s decision-making error after the aircraft suffered low-altitude bird strikes following takeoff.
The mishap instructor pilot and mishap student pilot, assigned to the 56th Fighter Wing’s 309th Fighter Squadron, were executing a planned touch-and-go training exercise when the aircraft’s engine ingested several birds resulting in degraded engine performance.
The Accident Investigation Board found evidence that the cause of the mishap was a result of the pilot erroneously electing to make an immediate turn that robbed the aircraft of altitude and airspeed, rather than climbing straight ahead to achieve minimum maneuvering speed for aircraft recovery. The mishap instructor pilot’s channelized attention and breakdown of visual scan limited the time to fully analyze the situation and successfully recover flight. All of the factors substantially contributed to the aircraft mishap.
Both pilots were able to safely exit the aircraft, suffering only minor injuries. There were no fatalities or significant injuries, and only limited damage to civilian property. The estimated damage costs are approximately $22 million.
Boeing announced today that production the B737 program will increase to 47 airplanes per month in 2017, the highest rate ever for the best-selling airliner in history.
Once implemented, the 737 program will build more than 560 airplanes per year, and will have increased output by nearly 50 percent since 2010.
"We're taking this step to make sure our airplanes get into the hands of our customers when they need them," saidBeverly Wyse, vice president and general manager, 737 Program, Boeing Commercial Airplanes. "Our employees and our suppliers have successfully increased the production rate to unmatched levels over the last three years. This increase will lay a solid foundation as we bridge into production on the 737 MAX."
Boeing currently produces 38 airplanes per month from its Renton, Wash., factory and will increase the rate to 42 per month in the first half of 2014. First delivery of the 737 MAX is on track for third quarter of 2017.
"With the continuing strong demand we are seeing in the market for the 737, we expect to keep employees busy in Renton making this amazing airplane for years to come," said Wyse.
The rate increase announced today is not expected to have a significant impact on 2013 financial results.
Boeing's highly efficient and reliable 737 family is the proven market leader. To date, 266 customers worldwide have placed more than 11,200 orders for the single-aisle airplane – including more than 6,500 orders for the Next-Generation 737 and more than 1,600 orders for the 737 MAX. Boeing currently has more than 3,400 unfilled orders across the 737 family.
The Eurofighter consortium unveiled a road-map for the development of a number of further enhancements to the Typhoon fighter aircraft.
A Development Contract which will pave the way for continuous capability enhancements of the Typhoon has been signed by Eurofighter Jagdflugzeug GmbH and the NATO Eurofighter and Tornado Management Agency (NETMA).
The package known as Evolution Package 2, will be delivered by the end of 2015. The Contract signing was announced on Wednesday 30th October in South Korea at the Seoul International Aerospace & Defence Exhibition 2013.
Evolution Package 2 consists of a number of improvements including enhancements to the major avionics sensor such as the Radar and the Defensive Aids Sub Systems (DASS) of the Eurofighter Typhoon.
It also includes enhancements designed to cater for the latest operational requests of Customers and important enhancements to the Multifunction Information and Distribution System (MIDS). In addition, the package will include further improvements to the Flight Control System (FCS) and the Utility Control System (UCS) that will allow the Eurofighter Typhoon to be more compatible with evolving requirements within the Commercial Aviation air space environment.
Alberto Gutierrez, Chief Executive Officer of Eurofighter GmbH, said: “The signature of this Contract represents a significant milestone for what is known as the Phase 2 Enhancement programme for the Eurofighter Typhoon. It brings with it a whole raft of enhancements designed to ensure the capability package we offer our customers is the best on offer anywhere in the world.”
This new Development Contract follows the Meteor missile Integration Contract signed at the Paris Air Show in June 2013. It secures the integration of the world’s most advanced next generation Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile on to the Eurofighter Typhoon.
Since entry into service of the first Eurofighter Typhoon at the end of 2003, more than 380 Eurofighter have been delivered to six countries: Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Spain, Austria and Saudi Arabia. As seventh customer, Oman ordered a total of 12 aircraft in December 2012. Up to now, the whole Eurofighter fleet has completed more than 200,000 flying hours.